Argument in Favor of Euthanasia Essay

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Debate about the morality and legality of voluntary euthanasia has been a phenomenon since the second half of the 20th century. The ancient Greeks and Romans did not believe that life needed to be preserved at any cost and were tolerant of suicide in cases where no relief could be offered to the dying or when a person no longer cared for their life (Young). In the 4th century BC, the Hippocratic Oath was written by Hippocrates, the father of medicine. One part of the Oath states, “I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan; and similarly I will not give a woman a pessary to cause and abortion” (Brock). For 2,400 years, physicians made these solemn promises. Until very recently the Hippocratic Oath…show more content…
In 1988 there was an unsuccessful attempt to get the question of whether is should be made legally permissible on the ballot in California. In November 1991 votes in the state of Washington defeated widely publicized referendum proposal to legalize both voluntary active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. The decision for euthanasia should rest fully with the patient. In terms of euthanasia there are many factors that come into play when deciding; the different types of euthanasia, the ethical issues behind euthanasia, and the legal standpoints. There are different types of euthanasia. There is voluntary active euthanasia, in which a clearly competent patient makes a fully voluntary and persistent request for aid in dying. Appraising active euthanasia from a virtue perspective can offer a more compassionate approach to the predicament of practitioners and clients (Begley). Involuntary euthanasia is when a competent patient explicitly refuses or opposes receiving euthanasia. This method is the commonly called, “mercy killing” method. Also, non-voluntary euthanasia is when a patient is incompetent and unable to express his or her wishes about euthanasia. Then there is physician-assisted suicide, the patient is ending his or her life with a lethal dose of medication requested of and provided by a physician for that purpose (Brock). This method is also
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