Arguments Against Utilitarianism

1450 WordsJun 17, 20186 Pages
As a philosophical approach, utilitarianism generally focuses on the principle of “greatest happiness”. According to the greatest happiness principle, actions that promote overall happiness and pleasure are considered as right practices. Moreover, to Mill, actions which enhance happiness are morally right, on the other hand, actions that produce undesirable and unhappy outcomes are considered as morally wrong. From this point of view we can deduct that utilitarianism assign us moral duties and variety of ways for maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain to ensure “greatest happiness principle”. Despite all of moral duties and obligations, utilitarian perspective have many specific challenges that pose several serious threats which…show more content…
109). The issue is like double edged sword to compare with. From one point of view Mill states that individuals always act in a sense to maximize overall happiness. It means that irrespective of aims and motives, people have to act to increase and maximize overall happiness. From another point of view which again Mill states our ninety-nine percent actions are practiced and more importantly ‘motivated by other values’. Nevertheless, attaining overall happiness issue for greatest happiness mismatched with reality and the theory. Sanctions about demanding issue which considers always people be motivated in order to maximize overall benefit idea and personal aims which may differ from idealized motives to improve overall happiness. If it is taken into consideration that two variety of perspectives about demanding issue from motivation point of view and Mill’s defense to this idea, demanding criteria pose a challenge to utilitarianism. Secondly, it is challenged that utilitarianism demand us to measure and calculate all of our actions which were gained by past experience and practices for Mill to reach greatest happiness principle. Although Mill defends like “There has been ample time, namely, the whole past duration of the human species. During all that time, mankind have been learning by experience and tendencies of actions…” (p. 113) to make a decision and advices following past experiences to practice an action to maximizing overall happiness criteria, however,
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