There are many philosophical influences in religion as well as many religious influences in many types of philosophies. Many figures in history have shaped both of these fields and contributed to them in many ways including belief systems regarding the nature of the world, human existence, and ethics. Many religious figures focused more on religious endeavors more than philosophical ones. Jesus of Nazareth and Gautama Buddha are two examples of spiritual figures who have religious followings even until this day. It should be pointed out that many people view the Buddha's teachings as more of a philosophy instead of a religion. One figure who was influenced by religion and at the same time, contributed many theories and ideas towards the discipline of philosophy is Saint Thomas Aquinas. Saint Thomas Aquinas is an example of how a very religious figure/leader could reason philosophically, generate new ideas and concepts in philosophy, and influence a religion as whole in more ways than one. He showed that philosophy and religion can coexist to serve the same purpose, which is understanding ourselves and truth.
Through the works of Epicurus, Epictetus, and Aquinas, it is evident that their philosophies inherit a great deal of virtue. Although roughly specified, virtue is implanted within their different ideologies. From achieving happiness, stoic beliefs, and in respects to Christian idealism, virtue turns out to be the driving factor in determining the ideal meaning of life from the perspective of each philosopher and it gives them their value. Backed by firm evidence, it is notable that virtue is more apparent in the Thomism philosophy.
The Athenian general and politician Alcibiades, widely respected for his heritage and upbringing, was a brilliant, although unscrupulous leader. Known for his extraordinary ambition and pride, Alcibiades proves to be somewhat of an enigma, attracting attention and creating tension in all areas of his life. In Plato’s Symposium, the disorder and revel brought about by the intoxicated Alcibiades serves to illustrate a fundamental misunderstanding of Socrates and his philosophical way of life. In Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Alcibiades is instead portrayed as the physical manifestation of Athenian imperialism at its most potentially destructive and powerful. Socrates’ philosophical conceptions on the forms are in opposition to imperialism and thereby offer a more fruitful model for political enterprise than Alcibiades’ intertwined empiric and personal pursuits.
Thomas Aquinas lived in the thirteenth century. He lived during the time of Aristotle, who was starting to lose his quality of being liked a lot in Western Europe. The works gave people a whole new way of seeing things / sensible view of what is and is not important of the world. Thomas somehow managed to stay Christian and still believed in the ideas of Aristotle. Aquinas spent much of his life living on the edge of church support.
Of all influential people in the history of the human race, there is one that stands out from the rest. It is not because of his heroic acts or physical prowess, but because of his unique perspective on the world. This person is Socrates, an ancient Greek philosopher, who changed
The Pre-Socratic philospers are the philosphers who lived before Socrates, wondered mainly about reality. These philosphers wanted to know what is the true reality and what is the true nature of things. The Pre- Socratic philosphers also wondered what is underlying meaning of reality and tried to figure out what the one and true reality is. In this paper I will examine the various Pre- Socratic Philosphers theories of reality and how they influenced Platos theory of Forms.
possess a loud voice and It was not long before Aristotle became known as "the Mind of the School" and he stayed there for about twenty years. During this time Aristotle became well known and respected as a writer and orator. His philosophy however grew to differ greatly from that of his mentor's, as well as against those of the previously mentioned, Isocrates. In fact his orations "during his earlier residence at Athens show him somewhat petulantly attacking both Plato and Isocrates."(Collins p. His arguments against his teacher's philosophies were centered on the Platonic theory of Forms. Aristotle started the Realism movement which objected to the idea that the material world is unimportant and a shadow of existence. He disagreed with the belief that the true reality existed through universal ideas, truths, and forms. He had no room in his views for imagination and what he saw
Aristotelian Analysis Paper Political advertisements play an integral part in the Presidential election. Most notably are the derogatory bashings of the opposing candidates character and policies. Each candidate has its own campaign committee to aid in the promotion of the incoming elected official. Sometimes a third party chooses to engage the opposing party of their agenda using rhetorical strategies along with numerous examples of Ethos, Pathos, and Logos. On July 13, 2012, The Emergency Committee for Israel was one of these third parties who attacked the sitting President Barrack Obama in siding with the Republican Candidate Mitt Romney in the advertisement “Time to Act.”
“True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing,” was said by Socrates thousands of years ago. Socrates was concerned with the wisdom people claimed to have. The philosophy of Socrates all started with his meeting with an oracle. This led to a movement of self thinking. Socrates was loved and hated for his philosophies. He gave up everything for wisdom. Socrates’ philosophy based on impacting experiences from his adulthood led to a movement during his time, and continues to impact ways of therapy, teaching, and philosophy of today.
trange; that was the only word to describe it. Aristotle’s eyes widened as he quickly leaped off his bike, making his way towards the abnormality. The peculiar flower caught his interest; he had never seen anything like it. He wandered off into this field not too far from his house, on a quest for flowers. However, this was not what he expected. This flower was such a beauty, it did not belong on Earth. Excitement flickered in his eyes. Aristotle was still in the early stages of becoming a botanist, but he knew almost too much about plants. A gleeful laugh escaped his lips, and he wasted no time in uprooting the flower from its spot. His hands shook with delight as he placed the flower in the basket of his bike, that previously occupied the ground. His legs burned when he raced home, his smile shined brightly in the afternoon sunlight.
In his writings on Early Christian Ethics, Thomas Aquinas proposed the existence of four distinct types of laws. These laws are eternal, natural, human, and divine. Aquinas defines eternal law as that which orders everything in the universe. It is a cosmos which issues from the will and wisdom of God. He defines natural law as a subset of eternal law. He states that the natural law is the location for the fundamental principles of
When questioned about the idea of matter, “The Greeks were among the many ancient peoples who sought to understand the nature of matter...Another group of Greeks believed that matter could be divided an infinite number of times and could be changed from one type of matter into another,”(Sarquis and Sarquis 41). Aristotle, an ancient philosopher from Greece who devoted many of his years to the exploration of science, was part of this group of Greeks. He contributed to the progress of many scientific theories used today, even though many of his theories were not exactly correct. His ideas and theories lasted many centuries after his death as absolute truth. Aristotle was a philosopher who had many theories about matter, and created a lasting
Who was Aristotle? Aristotle was born in the ninety-ninth Olympiad or 384 BCE, in a now extinct Greek colony called Stagira. He was the son of Nicomachus, a court physician to King Amyntas III of Macedonia and his mother, Phaestis was the descended from the first founders of Stagira (s). Little information is known about his mother, but it is believed that she died when Aristotle was young. "Aristotle was the son of Nicomachus, who traced his lineage and his profession back to Machaon, the son of Asclepius. His mother, Phaestis, was descended from one of those who led the expedition from one of those who led the colony to Stageira from Chalcis”. This extract from Dionysius of Halicarnassus, The First Letter to Ammaeus, is one of the remaining
Thomas Aquinas utilizes the concept of cause and effect to determine God’s existence. As previously mentioned, Aquinas’ justification of God heavily relies on Anselm’s ideas. However, instead of putting emphasis on thought as his central explanation, he uses causes. According him, “it is possible to demonstrate God’s existence” by acknowledging “some work of His more surely known to us” (Aquinas, Article II). In his case, he appeals to the idea of recognizing events caused or enabled by God to justify God’s existence. He concretizes the concept of God by providing an explanation consisting of physical truths. Aquinas points out two ways to prove this. Firstly, there is “nature of a cause”, which means it is “through the nature of preceding
Socrates Socrates was born in 470 BCE and was the son of Sophronicus and Phaenarete. In his youth he studied music, gymnastics and grammar, then followed his father’s profession as a sculptor. He was also a very great artist whereby he decorated a statue of Graces on the Acropolis road and was admired by many people into the 2nd century. Socrates played a major role in the development of philosophy (Irwin, 2008).