Aristotle And Aristotle 's Philosophy

1464 Words Aug 11th, 2014 6 Pages
Ethics is an area of discipline within philosophy that studies the idea of good and what good things have in common. This discipline consists of many different aspects offered from both a historical and modern viewpoints. One specific aspect of ethics is virtue ethics, which is composed of theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy. Most virtue theorists take their inspiration from Aristotle and Socrates, who were founders of several major propositions in this theory. Although the philosophers belonged to different time periods, they held similar viewpoints regarding what value virtue and vice hold in an individual’s character. Socrates and Aristotle had different views on how many virtues and vices existed in a person. Aristotle worked most closely in developing the idea of eudaimonea, roughly translated as happiness, in his Nicomachean Ethics books, which were derived from numerously translated notes of his students. Although Aristotle’ thoughts are not clearly and explicitly stated, his teachings, through his students’ notes, provide enough information from which these theories and arguments can be deciphered. Aristotle describes virtue as “a state of character which makes a man good and which makes him do his own work well” (Küçükuysal and Beyhan 48). As it is defined, a virtue is a property that helps an object fulfill its proper function. A vice, on the other hand, is a property that hinders an object from fulfilling its suitable…
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