Aristotle And Plato 's Influence On Western Philosophical Tradition

2851 WordsApr 29, 201512 Pages
Throughout the history of philosophy, philosophers from all eras have tirelessly tried to explain the consciousness and being of man. Beginning with the Ancient Greek philosophers who played an important role in the shaping of western philosophical tradition, who eventually broke away from a mythological approach to explaining the world, and gave rise to an method based on reason and evidence with main concern of explaining the entire cosmos. The Pre-Socratic philosophers strived to identify the single underlying principle in other words; they strived to solve the problem of the one and the many. Then there were the medieval times, which are traditionally divided into two main periods: the period within the Latin West which was then followed by the Early Middle Ages until the 12th century. At this time, Aristotle and Plato’s works were conserved and cultivated. And the second period was the golden age of the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries in the Latin West, which witnessed the pinnacle of the recovery of ancient philosophy, along with a reception of the Arabic commentators, and immense developments in the fields of Logic, Metaphysics and the Philosophy of religion. Philosophical development in the medieval era is considered by modern historians to be heavily influenced by Christian theology. One of the most notable thinkers of this era is Thomas Aquinas, and ironically never considered himself a philosopher, and criticized philosophers for always "falling short of the true
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