Aristotle 's And Plato 's Quest For Self Fulfillment

1233 Words Oct 3rd, 2016 5 Pages
Aristotle’s and Plato’s Quest for Self-fulfillment
Reasoning refers to the process of making use of preexisting knowledge to make conclusions, construct explanations, or make predictions regarding certain issues. According to philosophers, reasoning is broadly categorized into three parts: deductive, inductive, and adductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning begins with assertions of a more general rule and proceeds to a guaranteed conclusion that is specific in nature. Basically, it moves from the general rule to a specific approach. There is an assumption that should the original assertions be true; then, the conclusions are true beyond reasonable doubt. Such kind of reasoning is mostly applied in disciplines like mathematics. Secondly, there is inductive reasoning. In this type of reasoning, specific observations that are limited in scope proceed to generalized conclusions formulated from accumulated evidence; that is, one moves from specific to general. Thus, this approach comes in handy when carrying out scientific research because it entails information gathering, pattern seeking, and formulation of hypotheses to explain the observations. Lastly, there is adductive reasoning. The approach normally starts with an incomplete set of observations and builds towards the likeliest possible explanation. The type of reasoning produces the kind of day-to-day decision making, which relies on the information at hand. This paper will focus on addressing the role of reasoning in…

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