Aristotle 's Philosophy On Ethics

1330 Words Apr 5th, 2016 6 Pages
Nicomachean ethics is the name of Aristotle’s work on ethics based on his lectures. It is said that Nicomachean ethics were named after either Aristotle’s father or son , as they were both named Nicomachus. Aristotle believed that happiness is what makes a person pure. To prove his point, Aristotle believed that there were four moral virtues that worked together; the virtue of great soul, the virtue of justice, the virtue of practical judgment and the virtue of being a truly good friend. Ten books have been written from Aristotle’s lecture notes.
Aristotle’s first seven books focus on the virtues he believed were important and was believed to have his thoughts on ethics based on Plato and Socrates philosophy. In the first seven books, Aristotle goes over basic virtues and how they relate to each other and to moral values. Over the next few paragraphs, I will explain my understandings of Aristotle’s virtues from these books.
In Book I, Aristotle starts to discuss what Plato stated about the Theory of Forms, but mainly wants to define happiness, what is also known as Eudaimonia. Aristotle states in Book I, three ways in which people associate with happiness; “slavish way of pleasure (majority of people), refined and active way of politics, (which aims at honor), and the way of contemplation”(Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics). These three things are said to be what people aim for in their own sake of happiness.
In Book II, Aristotle speaks about the nature of human…
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