Aristotle 's Rhetorical Rhetoric On The Human Soul

1553 Words Nov 3rd, 2015 7 Pages
Aristotle’s Rhetorical Rhetoric Aristotle, a famous philosopher, is one of the most renowned Greek scholars, and was an influential force in ancient Greece and in modern society. He was the head of the Macedon royal academy, where he taught Alexander the Great, his most famous pupil. He founded the famous Lyceum in Athens later in his life, which is portrayed in Raphael’s painting “School of Athens.” Aristotle is known for his interest in nature and science, and his emphasis on empirical evidence to prove his points has become the keystone of modern scientific research. As a result, one of the topics he studied is the cause of human difference. He discusses in Book I of his series Politics the nature of the human soul and how different groups of people are dominant or submissive to each other depending on various unchangeable factors. However, his understanding of the human soul is inherently biased because of his provincial scope of views and experiences. His arguments lack empirical evidence, and are riddled with contradictions and logical fallacies. Aristotle’s definition of the prototypical human being draws heavily from his and his colleagues’ own characteristics. He wrote Politics in 350 B.C.E, while he was a student at Plato’s Academy in Athens, he was learning among a homogenous group of individuals— free intellectual Greek males. (Anselm). As The Academy was an exclusive institution (Barnes, 31), Aristotle and his peers likely believed that their membership…
Open Document