Aristotle 's View Of Happiness

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According to Aristotle, happiness is the highest goal of a human being, because it is the only goal that is an end in itself, and is not pursued for the sake of something else. He defines happiness as: “activity of the soul in accordance with complete virtue in a complete life.” He then goes on, in Book X, to argue that the complete happiness for human beings lies in the life of study. Plato, on the other hand, does agree that all humans aim to achieve the highest goal or end (telos), but does not believe that the greatest good is happiness. Plato speaks about justice and how it involves correct power relationships among parts with each part occupying its proper role. There are clear similarities in each philosopher’s point of view. The way they divide the parts of the soul into specific states is a prime example of a clear similarity between the two. This paper will examine Aristotle’s view of happiness as the highest goal for a human being, and study as the action that provides the most complete happiness, As well as Plato’s view of justice and how it is completely necessary to live the “Good” life. It will analyze the arguments used by Aristotle and Plato to reach their specific views, and will then argue that the Aristotelian view, that happiness is truly the highest goal of human beings may be true, but that justice may be a part of the complete virtue to achieve the highest goal of a complete life. For Aristotle, the highest goal (telos) for a human being is
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