Aristotle 's Views On Justice

2537 WordsJan 23, 201511 Pages
Aristotle on Justice as Equality Aristotle forwards the view that justice is equality. Crucial to his view of equality is that equality means treating what is similar similarly and what is dissimilar dissimilarly. This is as opposed to more modern understandings of equality which maintain overlooking relevant dissimilarities. However, there is an apparent emptiness to Aristotle’s idea of equality, for in any difference of treatment between individuals or groups there is always some difference between those individuals that can be pointed to. How can Aristotle’s idea of equality be defended against this claim? Essay structure: Exposition of Aristotle on equality Objection: what is meaningfulness of equality Focus on how to note relevant dissimilarities Development of defeasible prejudice: action based on limited knowledge Virtues of discrimination Egalitarianism as vice Present usage of equality and an Aristotelian critique Aristotle on Equality Aristotle forwards the view that justice is equality. He takes the Platonic view of justice in which justice is rendering a man his due, and further elaborates on it by saying that equality entails not the indiscriminate treatment of everyone as an equal, but of treating what is similar similarly and what is dissimilar dissimilarly. This is clear in how he says “justice in the abstract is proportion,” and specifically that, in respect to the errors of democracy and oligarchy that “both kinds of equality should be employed;

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