Aristotle's Doctrine of the Mean

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Virtue is a set of good qualities expressed by people's actions and purposes in life. Some philosophers have claimed that there is no truth in virtue as it is not a priori knowledge; you can't prove that it is wrong to kill by deductive reasoning. The right and the wrong don't come from the true and the false. But Aristotle shows that knowing the natural end of man enables to tell if it is true of false that an action is right or wrong. So, for Aristotle, what does the vituous life entails? What is his 'doctrine of the mean'? What is the government type that further Aristotle's virtue life? Is it a plausible type of society?
Virtue is bringing something to perfection. There are two kinds of virtues: the moral virtues, perfecting desire (who submits to reason) for the action, and intellectual virtues, perfecting the intellect alone, for contemplation. Let's begin with moral virtue; is it possible to teach virtue? Is it enough to know the good to do it? Obviously not. Aristotle argues that knowing the good is not yet doing it, because the reason is confronted by the desire, who rebels and resists. We must therefore form the desire from the good, exercise it, and shape it. As a result, for Aristotle, the virtue is neither a pure knowledge nor an isolated act, but a habit, a stable and sustainable provision of the will acquired by exercise. The truly virtuous man feels no compulsion in being it, he is joyfully aware of achieving his own nature. Virtue consists in a balance mean
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