Aristotle’s Examination of the Lacedaemonian Constitution in his Work, Politics

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The Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E) is renowned for his teachings and writings on countless academic subjects. One such writing is Aristotle’s Politics in which Aristotle explains his thinking on political philosophy. In one section of Politics, Aristotle examines the Lacedaemonian Constitution. The Lacedaemonian Constitution is the constitution of the Spartans with the primary focus of strengthening the Spartan army, which they are most commonly known for, and strengthening the society behind the Spartan war machine. In his account of the Lacedaemonian Constitution, Aristotle is highly critical of the Spartan laws and ideologies and describes certain laws as being counterproductive to the overall framework of the Spartan society. Aristotle specifically draws attention to the laws regarding the license of women in Spartan society, the laws regarding the procreation of children, the Ephoralty and the election of the council of elders as aspects of the Lacedaemonian Constitution that undermine the intentions of the Lacedaemonian Constitution and weaken Spartan society. One of the first criticisms Aristotle makes is in regards to the equality that is found among men and women in Spartan society and the laws that grant the license of Lacedaemonian women. Spartan women were viewed by the state in a much higher status than the women of other Greek city-states, including Athens which Aristotle made his home for his adult life. The reasoning behind this attitude

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