Aristotle's Teachings Essay examples

799 Words 4 Pages
Aristotle is a well-known philosopher, who lived from 384 BC through 322 BC, having been born and spending most of his life in Greece. According to William Turner, in the Catholic Encyclopedia, his father was physician to the King of Macedonia, and other ancestors of Aristotle’s likely also held this position. Aristotle’s parents probably planned for him to receive a medical education so he also could become a physician, but both of his parents died while he was still a child. As he approached the age of 18, he was sent to school at the university of another great and well-known philosopher, Plato. While Aristotle has been known throughout history for his accomplishments in mathematics, physics, and even arts, he also had some …show more content…
If we were to imagine an object, for example a vase, we are simply playing back a previous recording of an actual sensation, or a mixture of more than one sensation, such as that of our eyes actually previously seeing a vase. So in our mind an imagination or dream is not different from seeing, smelling, hearing, or feeling an actual object, because we are simply replaying a real sensation. In his teachings, the nature of life can be explained by what makes it unique. Since the ability to reason is unique to humans, reason must be core to our nature. Aristotle felt that the ability to reason is given to humans from an external source, probably in his view a supernatural god. Reason in humans involves abstract principles, which is different from senses, which deal with actual physical communication. Still, reason starts with a sensation, which is gradually understood by the mind. That introduces the problem though, of how can humans reason on things never sensed, or without substance? Aristotle believed that the mind could form mental objects out of thought, and those objects of though become the sensation that we use to actively reason on abstract ideas, or things without substance. According to The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Aristotle believed that happiness comes from fulfilling a purpose that is inherent to the nature of a human.
Open Document