Two main theorists of international relations, Kenneth Waltz and Scott Sagan have been debating on the issue of nuclear weapons and the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the 21st century. In their book The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: An Enduring Debate, they both discuss their various theories, assumptions and beliefs on nuclear proliferation and nuclear weapons. To examine why states would want to attain/develop a nuclear weapon and if increasing nuclear states is a good or bad thing. In my paper, I will discuss both of their theories and use a case study to illustrate which theory I agree with and then come up with possible solutions of preventing a nuclear war from occurring.
Since the invention of nuclear weapons, they have presented the world with a significant danger, one that was shown in reality during the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. However, nuclear weapons have not only served in combat, but they have also played a role in keeping the world peaceful by the concept of deterrence. The usage of nuclear weapons would lead to mutual destruction and during the Cold War, nuclear weapons were necessary to maintain international security, as a means of deterrence. However, by the end of the Cold War, reliance on nuclear weapons for maintaining peace became increasingly difficult and less effective (Shultz, et. al, 2007). The development of technology has also provided increasing opportunities for states
Nuclear Weapons have persisted to be the decisive deterrent to any assailant, and the best means of establishing peace. There are many different views on nuclear weapons, even though they cost an extravagate amount of money; they come with positive aspects’. In fact nuclear weapons are one of the greatest reasons that nations do not want to go to war, but alternately, strive to inquire clarification through negotiations. First and foremost, it is very important to analyze just how nuclear weapons prevent war.
The third and final proposal is taking greater action on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty to confirm all nations are on the same playing field to dismantle nuclear weaponry. I plan on providing updated analysis in these issues as well. The Seventh Decade was written in 2007 and a lot has gone on since then in regards to nuclear activity and I plan on making it clear to the reader where the U.S. and the rest of the world stands.
Given the progress of globalization, international security has become an entailment that all countries must work on in order to guarantee the perennity of world peace. However, this quietude is threatened by the growing menace of nuclear proliferation. Canada, as a party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) since 1969, leads anti-proliferation campaigns to ensure global disarmament.
Having adopted the Nonproliferation Treaty in 1970, as well as keeping in mind the New START treaty in the Obama administration, the leaders of America and leaders around the world has come to the consensus that it is best to ban the use of nuclear weapons. As the public opinion of nuclear technology is usually negative, many would agree that a nuclear war could be dangerously fatal for lives world wide, therefore our group agrees that it is wise to be wary of powerful nations in possession of such hazardous and forceful arm, including our very nation, the United
Banning nuclear weapons may sound like a good idea, but what if all nuclear weapons were banned only to have one country secretly develop and launch one? How would the rest of the world fight against them? The bad guys by definition don’t follow the rules. Nuclear weapons can also be good for more than just attacking; they may even save lives by one country having possession of them. They can also give a country more negotiating power. Nuclear weapons were first developed in America because of Albert Einstein’s letter to F.D.R. telling him about the Germans’ attempts to make a missile powerful enough to “destroy an entire port and some of the surrounding territory.” F.D.R. then got together a group of scientists to develop one first. The
Most countries hold the power to protect themselves, others, and police their own territory. However, this power can be taken away under unpredictable circumstances: some countries have been forced to disarm themselves by other countries, by having sanctions placed on them, or upon losing a war. Likewise, nations that defend themselves against international arms control agreements may find
Nuclear deterrence was a key component of American security during the Cold War. The nuclear stockpiles accumulated by the United States and Soviet Union throughout this time period produced a situation of mutual deterrence. The catastrophic risks of a nuclear strike kept the countries from all-out war. In the aftermath of the Cold War, both the U.S. and Soviet Union took steps to reduce their nuclear arsenal, first in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Treaty (INF) then with START I (Pifer, Bush, et al, p. 8, 2010). New START, like its predecessors continues the bipartisan process of reducing U.S. and Russian strategic arms. In doing so, the Treaty presents several key benefits to U.S. national security.
Since the nineteen-forties nuclear weapons have been used to help end, or have caused problems between countries. The dangers of using nuclear weapons have increased over the many years since they were first used. Either way, the fight over nuclear weapons have become more and more common because of the new developments in science and technology. The use of nuclear weapons have been used to threaten many different countries around the world which include the United States and many more. Nuclear weapons have become an overall issue in the world today, yet the issue has been ignored. Just recently this issue has been noticed, yet we still ignore the problems that have happened. As the world of technology has become more educated new nuclear weapons have been created, but they have not been tested or used. The United States should aggressively promote nuclear disarmament because of reprocessing, exaggerations, and waste management.
Blackwell acknowledges the debate between the credibility of nuclear deterrence and argues the change in the logic of deterrence in current situations from the one in the Cold War. He provides data that explains the trend of the reduction of US nuclear weapons, which is , he argues, continually changing
Part of arms control is the decommissioning of nuclear weapons. The first step to decommissioning is to remove the warhead from the delivery system. From there the warhead will go to a special treatment (Or in the United States the pantex plant in Texas) and the cover of the warhead will come off. Then there are many safety checks and inspections. After passing inspection the warhead goes through a disassembly process which takes about a week. Afterwards, the material is either buried,burned or stored until there is no radioactivity. Everything else is recycled. All countries with a certain amount of weapons should disassemble them. Every country should have a close amount of nuclear weapons. This will help prevent over spending and arms races. If everyone has a similar amount of weapons then each country is just as powerful. If one country is too powerful it can result in war. If the amount of weapons is balanced equally and monitored then terrorists will have a harder time getting weapons. It is important for there to be a balance of power because it will ensure world peace. Arms control can also relieve tensions caused by nuclear weapons between two or more countries because it will set them equal and reduce possible
The Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is a treaty signed by one hundred and ninety states used to slow down the spread of a large number of nuclear weapons while promoting the use of nuclear technologies in peaceful ways such as energy. Its purpose is to keep nuclear technology in “Nuclear States” or trusted countries until a long-term goal of total disarmament can be reached. Even though it tries to bring about nuclear disarmament, the NPT is a threat to the modern world. It is currently speculated that the United States has the most stockpiled Nuclear weapons with Russia being a close second. Each of these countries has “thousands of known stockpiled nuclear weapons with the next closest state having just a few hundred” (Rising Powers
Nuclear weapons are responsible for a countless amount of deaths, but they have served as deterrents for a countless amount of wars too. Nuclear weapons have been around for about seventy years and the first explosion took place in New Mexico on July 16th 1945. A month later Hiroshima Japan was bombed by the United States which changed war forever. The bomb killed or wounded 130,000 people and three days later the United States bombed Nagasaki Japan, that killed and wounded 246,000. After those two bombings World War II ended. Nuclear weapons made countries realized how dangerous they could be and what the cost of the bombings could do. After World War two the arms race began, A thermonuclear weapon was created for the sole purpose of competition.