Art: Comparison and Contrast of 19th Century Art Essay

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Everyone has been created unique and there is no other that is the like anyone else. People think different, dress different and like and dislike certain things. This is similar to the artists of the nineteenth century including Pierre Etienne Theodore Rousseau and Joseph Mallord William Turner. They are both artists during the nineteenth century and were painted at the same time; however, there is a difference between their styles, their point of view, and the scenery. However there are similarities between the two paintings. The paintings that will be compared and contrasted are “Under the Birches, Evening” and “The Campo Santo, Venice.”
The first painting, “Under the Birches, Evening”, is done by Pierre Etienne Theodore Rousseau. He
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“Under”). One could mistake that the focal point is the little figure under the birch tree who is a priest. However, the main point in this landscape is all about the birches. The reason why one could say so is because of all the visual elements such as: the birches are in the middle of the painting; they are also the most lighted objects in the painting (light is shining in the form of an oval) (National Gallery). Due to the levels of lightning one can see that the picture is divided into three horizontal parts: the top (dark, but not as dark as the bottom of the painting); the middle is the lightest; and the bottom is the darkest. This means that he used what he learned about the Dutch style and mixed it with his personal style thus we have a whole new way of seeing his point of view.
The second painting, “The Campo Santo, Venice”, was done by Joseph Mallord William Turner. He was born in London on April 23, 1775. Turner was interested in painting water subjects as well as landscapes ("Biography for”). He was educated at the Royal Academy of Arts where he developed his way of expressing natural light on the paintings, thus his style is seen as impressionistic. It is said that his father has been selling Turner’s paintings at his own shop from1 to 3 shillings which may have influenced his decision to have the boy educated as a painter. Turner's artistic style best progress was during 1835-45. It is also a time during which he painted “The Campo Santo,
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