Art In Art

1434 Words6 Pages
Throughout history, art has served as a photograph of the past. Art has helped us understand the past and gave us clue on how the people on that era led their life. Art has also helped us understand each era’s beliefs and ideas. From the 400s through the early Renaissance, the majority of art in Europe was rooted in Christianity. However, beginning with the Renaissance, art has become more secular. The transforming power structure of Europe, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment have contributed to the shift which resulted in a tension between the authority of the Catholic Church and the secular European Monarchies. By looking at two arts from these era, we can see the political, intellectual, and cultural changes in Europe. 1. The Transforming Power Structure of Europe (Church vs Kings) In France, a portrait of Louis XIV by Hyacinthe Rigaud and the architecture of the palace at Versailles shows the shift of power from the authority of the Catholic Church towards the secular French monarchy. Under Louis XIV, France became an absolute monarchy where full power resided with the king. As an absolute monarch, Louis was not subject to any constitutional limitations, leading him to declare “I’etat, c’est moi” which means “I am the state”. He ruled by the concept of divine right which means receiving his authority directly from God and refused to share authority with the church. He became known as the Sun King and declared himself the center of the universe. In his

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