Essay about Art Movements

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Cubism was one of the strongest art movements in the 20th century that gave birth to many other movements such as futurism and suprematism. The Forefathers of this revolutionary way of painting were Pablo Picasso and George Braque. Although it may have seemed to be abstract and geometrical to an untrained eye, cubist art do depict real objects. The shapes are flattened onto canvas so that different sides of each shape can be shown simultaneously from many angles. This new style gave a 3 dimensional look on the canvas. The cubist movement gave rise to an extraordinary reassessment of the interaction between form and space changing the course of western art forever.

The groundbreaking Demoiselles d’Avignon was controversial not only
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One of it’s innovator’s was Umberto Boccioni who said “We want represent not the optical or analytical impression but the physical and total experience” (Futurism 101). “They now pinned less faith on the power of new subject matter and strove to complement their colour divisionism with fragmentation of the cubist sort” (Futurism 101).

Suprematism was influenced by cubism because of it geometric shapes but “suprematism was not so much a movement in art as it is an attitude…” (Suprematism 138). This non-movement was created by Kasmir Malevich’s , “His elemental forms were designed both to break the artist’s conditioned responses to his environment and create new realities ‘no less significant then the realities of nature herself’” (Suprematism 138). A suprematist work, banishes every trace of subject, it used color and form and there interaction to form a subject. While cubism had definite subject it was also the interaction of color and shape that made the subject.

Constructivism was influenced by suprematism, this movement swept away traditional notions about art, believing that it should imitate the forms and processes of modern technology. “Often constructivism was overtly propagandist in nature: sometimes by the placement of simple geometric forms in the kind of literary context which turns such forms into representations…” (Constructivism 161). De Stijl was mostly influenced by painters Piet Mondrian, Theo Van Doesburg and

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