Art in the Middle Ages and The Renaissance and Its Effect in Society

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The Medieval period also referred to as the Middle Ages was the period of time between the demise of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance era; this was the period from the 5th century to the 17th century in Europe. During this time, society conformed to the feudal system which was based on the hierarchy approach which upper class had control over the lower class. Included in this class structure were kings, lords, neighboring kings, peasants and church leaders.

In the Middle Ages, art evolves as humans continue addressing the traditional and the new, including Biblical subjects, Christian dogma, and Classical mythology (Introduction to the History of Medieval Art. n.d.). Most of the art produced during this time was heavily focused on
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The Renaissance is best known for its art as this was the age of geniuses as Leonardo da Vinci, Petrarch, Dante, and Michelangelo (Medieval and Modern History. ,1905 ). Art of the Renaissance era utilized more realistic representations than art from the Middle Ages. For example, the human body was painted in a realistic manner, often with backdrops of nature. There was lesser emphasis placed on religious art and vanished were the images that had people positioned freely and in came proportioned groupings. Also, the progression of science helped artists recognize the idea of perspective, where items that were drawn smaller essentially looked as if they were at a distance and by using light and shadowing they were able to obtain a more factual resemblance of reality.
Artist of that time, such as Leonardo da Vinci focused more on the detail of anatomy, showing more of the human form with less or no clothing. Leonardo da Vinci was one of the first artists of the renaissance period to utilized science in his artwork and learned the physical proportions of the human body. He utilized what he learned to create what he described to be the perfect human figure which he demonstrated in his art work. Two of his most popular pieces of art were the Last Supper and the Mono Lisa.

Artwork of the medieval period was present across several countries, and transitioned a great deal for more than
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