Arthur C. Danto 's The Artworld

1336 Words Dec 2nd, 2014 6 Pages
Arthur C. Danto in “The Artworld” provides us with the argument that, “To see something as art requires something that the eye cannot descry-an atmosphere of artistic theory, a knowledge of the history of art: an artworld.” Danto shows us the importance of the artworld in order to know that a work of art is more than just what we can plainly see. Danto provides two theories he calls the “IT” (Imitation theory) and the “RT” (Reality theory). With these two theories, Danto explains how we can define art and why “The Artworld” is needed to help understand art, because after all, “these days one might not be aware he was on artistic terrain without an artistic theory to tell him so.” With the Imitation theory “IT”, Danto is disagreeing with Socrates in that art is not just mere imitation. Socrates believed that art, like a mirror, shows us a duplicate and accurate image of the appearance of something. However, Danto does not agree completely with this imitation theory because if it were true then, “mirror images are art.” Danto goes on to say that a lot of artists did try to imitate nature in art, but with the invention of photography “mimesis was quickly discarded.” The goal of art being to imitate then was incorrect. Post-impressionist paintings under the “IT’ theory alone were not considered art. To be able to accept post-impressionist paintings as art then required, “a revolution in taste.” The artworld, as Danto would agree needed to bring a new theory in order to…
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