Article IIi Of The U.s. Constitution

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Article III of the U.S. Constitution grants the U.S. Supreme Court its judicial powers. Back in the day, the court used to take all cases with its primary function being to correct legal errors from lower courts; however, because of the ever increasing case loads, congress granted the Supreme Court the power to decide which cases to take. To begin with, the Supreme Court will only take cases involving substantial questions of federal law and intercircuit conflicts among federal appellate courts. All cases that show up are inspected/screened by the clerk of the court to check for procedural correctness. About one-fourth of the docket is eliminated by the clerks and is never seen by the justices. Cases usually come as either a writ for certification or as a petition for certiorari. The former is for when a lower court needs to clarify an issue, and the latter is for when a case in a lower court is being petitioned to get reviewed by the Supreme Court. In order for a case to go through, at least four of the nine judges must agree to see it. Otherwise, the case can be simply denied. Today less than one percent (around 80 cases) of the courts docket is given consideration per year. Once a case is granted, the justices hear oral arguments from the petitioner and the respondent. Following the oral arguments, the justices meet to consider each case. If they like the case than they put it in the discuss list, and if not, the case is placed in a dead list (Banks and O 'Brien 162). An
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