“Perhaps the greatest debate undertaken by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 centered on how many representatives each state should have in the new government's lawmaking branch, the U.S. Congress. As is often the case in government and politics, resolving a great debate, required a Great Compromise.”(About) The Great Compromise that was reached by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth on July 16, 1787 incorporated the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan in parts. It formed a bicameral legislature as proposed by the Virginia Plan. It also decided that the lower house would have representatives in proportion to population of each state. These representatives would be elected by the people. However, while deciding on the representation of states in the upper house, as per the tenets of the Great Compromise, each state would have two members, irrespective of its population.
The Great Compromise combined these two plans creating our current legislature with two houses, one based on population and elected by the people and the other house allowing two senators per state being appointed by state legislatures. (Direct election of Senators began after the 17th amendment was ratified in 1913.)
One of the compromises dealt with was the issue of representation among the states. The larger states wanted the number of representatives to be based upon the population, while the smaller states wanted each state to have the same amount of representatives. The end result was a bicameral legislative body. The number of representatives from each state in the House is based upon each states population, while each state has two members in the senate, regardless of size. This is known as the Great
Big states supported this idea, but the small states quickly objected. They wanted each state to have the same number of votes in Congress. On 15 June, William Patterson of New Jersey introduced a modified plan on behalf of the smaller states. This was known as the New Jersey Plan. It called for a single house, with equal number of representatives from each state. It also expanded the powers of Congress to regulate commerce and raise money. Both sides were heated as neither side wanted to compromise with the other.
There are similarities and differences between the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan. Both plans wanted separated legislative, judicial, and executive branches to help prevent corruption. However, the Virginia Plan wanted a bicameral legislature with the lower house having representatives apportioned by population or based on the amount of contributions a state made to the government; the upper house would have representatives appointed by the state legislatures. Whereas, the New Jersey Plan wanted a single legislative branch with an equal number of representatives per state. The Virginia Plan was supported by the larger states because they would have more representation. Federalists also supported the plan because they wanted a strong Federal Government that had authority so that the states would not repeat the mistakes they made in the Articles of Confederation. The smaller states were afraid of the Virginia Plan because they were concerned that the majority would tyrannize the minority of the country. A strong Federal Government, as proposed by federalists and the Virginia Plan, was threating to
1) The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise or The Sherman Compromise, focused on representation in the legislative branch. This compromise was written by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut and it passed with a single vote, quite possibly saving the Constitution. The delegates were stranded on the issue of representation within the legislative branch because larger states supported representation based on state population (proportional representation) and smaller states supported one vote per state. This was a division between the Virginia and New Jersey plans. These were the two plans presented to the delegates. The Virginia Plan offered a bicameral branch with proportional representation and the New Jersey Plan policies favored a unicameral branch and equal representation
The framework of the New Jersey plan was based around the Articles of Confederation. Much like the Articles, they had a one house legislature. Also similar to the Articles, each state would be given only one vote, and would take at least
America was going to be governed. Although the Convention had been officially called to revise the existing Articles of Confederation, delegates like James Madison, William Patterson and Alexander Hamilton had much bigger plans. They wanted to create a entirely new government rather than just fix the existing one. The delegates from Virginia took Madison’s thoughts, notes, and work and formed the Virginia Plan. On May 29th, 1787, the Virginia Plan was presented to the Constitutional Convention. After the Virginia plan was introduced William Paterson asked to be adjourned to contemplate the plan. On June 15th, 1787, Patterson reported
The Missouri Compromise was a pivotal part of the early 1800s when conflicts in the legislature between the north and the south were at their peak. Tensions were rising and the government needed a solution to satisfy the states without giving one side a greater advantage. When Missouri and Maine requested for statehood, Henry Clay exposed his ideas he believed to work out best for the states’ balance, known as the Missouri Compromise. The Compromise was a document that was an attempt to settle the dispute of slavery in the United States in 1820.
The Legislature of the United States government is bicameral; this means that it is “a governmental body with two houses or chambers” (Dictionary.com). These two chambers are known as the Senate and the House of Representatives. The formation of these two chambers was
Since both Virginia and New Jersey plan did not work that came up with the Great Compromise. This proposal led to the formation of the United States Congress. It formed two house legislature: Senate and House of Representatives. Both senate and House of Representative are different because of how it is being represented. In the senate, every states must have two people representing meanwhile in the House of Representatives, it depends on how populous the state is. Technically it is the combination of both plans that benefits both the large states and the smaller
The Great Compromise of 1787 was also known as the Connecticut Compromise of the Sherman Compromise. It was proposed by Roger Sherman. The Great Compromise was an agreement between large states and small states that guaranteed them 2 representatives in the upper house and equal power in legislative structure. This agreement helped make sure that all legislative branches had the same amount of power and control. This plan helped balance out and separate the power between all
Also, the New Jersey Plan proposed for one house consisting of a single Congressional legislative body in which each State would have an equal number of representatives. William Paterson had hoped that his New Jersey Plan would address the concerns of both large and small states. The large states would no longer need be concerned about the development of upcoming alliances and the small states would not be put on account of their smaller populations.