Artificial Insemination

Decent Essays
After all the preparation has been done to ensure the area is clean, the insemination gun should be loaded with semen and allowed to sit in a sterile environment. Having the gun full before palpation begins allows for the process to pass much more quickly. If one were to wait until after palpating to load the gun, the technician would have to stand and wait with their hand inside the mare before they could begin work. Situations such as these allow for safety and effectiveness. Nervous, irritated, or aggravated mares are much less likely to be cooperative with the process of artificial insemination than a calm, relaxed mare. Recall that in cattle the left hand was inserted into the rectum and then used to identify the cervix. This is not the case with horses. The lining of…show more content…
Cattle and horses also have to be bred while in estrus, but sows need to be inseminated 12 to 24 hours after coming into heat. (Artificial Insemination. Pork Checkoff) Unlike other livestock, pigs also do not have to be restrained in chutes or stocks. Pigs can be restrained using your knees and a fence, if there is not someone else available to provide assistance. This can be done because swine are much smaller than horses and cattle. Just like with the other two examples, the perineal area of the sow needs to be wiped off and cleaned to prevent unwanted bacteria from entering the vagina. Instead of inserting one’s hand and an insemination gun, the catheter full of semen is placed into the reproductive tract at a 30-degree angle. An article released by Pork Checkoff stated that “it may take 5 to 10 minutes for the semen container to empty.” The process of insemination swine takes longer for the semen to be deposited than the process in horses and cattle. The semen is deposited slowly by gravity instead of through pressure being applied to the semen straw like with the
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