Artificial Intelligence Essay

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This paper will give a brief definition of the term Artificial Intelligence (AI). It will take an in-depth look at the origins and purpose of this exciting field in computer science. In particular, this paper will discuss a few of the many subcategories of research, applications and current technological obstacles that scientist face when developing AI. In addition, the author will look at AI’s various military specific applications for the purpose of training, target acquisition and command and control capabilities.

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence may come in many forms, but for the purpose of this paper, I have adopted the definition from The Columbia Encyclopedia (2008), which states
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John McCarthy later coined the expression artificial intelligence while attending a summit at Dartmouth in 1956 with a few other remarkably gifted mathematicians, psychologists and engineers. This two-month seminar officially became the birth of AI (Copeland, 1993).
Too many variables contribute to the enormous field of AI. According to Russell and Norvig (2009), Artificial Intelligence is broken down into a handful of concentrated smaller subcategories for research purposes. For example, problem solving is one of the most important subcategories. You must be able to reach your answer by starting from the beginning and reaching the end with a limited number of steps. Researchers in this field of AI are involved with designing models with a reasoning process that will solve complex mathematical theorems.
Game theory research allows scientists to design complex analytical programs. These programs will give computers the analytical skills needed to optimize its chances of winning in a game environment. In pattern recognition, scientists must solve the task of enabling computers to identify and isolate smaller units of data from larger groups. The computer will need this processing capability in order to recognize and select shapes, forms and configurations. The process can be compared to a doctor’s ability to
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