As Texas Continues To Increase In Urbanization, The Amount

1422 WordsMay 4, 20176 Pages
As Texas continues to increase in urbanization, the amount of water needed for municipal and industrial uses will increase significantly. More than half the water in Texas comes from underground. Aquifers in some areas of the state are being consumed faster than they can be filled again. Having a sustainable and efficient groundwater management policy is important to ensure that the future water demands will be satisfied. In Texas, the English rule of capture was adopted more than 100 years ago. This law allows landowners to pump as much water as they desire, without liability to neighboring landowners. The groundwater management in both states has evolved over time in different ways based on water demand and supply. Groundwater…show more content…
The Texas groundwater law was adopted from the English common law rule of “absolute ownership”. “Texas court adopted, and legislature has not modified, the common law rule that a landowner has the right to use or sale all the water that (s)he can capture from below their land (Texas water law).” The rule of capture in water property rights has a consequence for the development of underground water resources in the state. It encourages landowners to take as much water as possible from groundwater, which can work against conservation efforts. In 1949, the Texas Legislature decided to pass the Texas Groundwater Act (Champagne). This act established water districts so they can have the authority to enforce rules for conserving and protecting the underground water. Texas is one of the most populous state in the United States. As in April 2010 Texas has a population of 25,145,561 (Population estimates base). From 2010 to 2016, Texas population increased 11 percent (Population, percent change). Texas is among the top agricultural producing states in the United States. In 2015, Texas ranked number three in producing agriculture is the United States (FAQs). Texas has experienced drought conditions within the past few years. The High Plains combined with California, Produced agricultural products worth $56 billion in 2007, accounting for a large portion of the nation’s food production. Together the two states accounted for half of all
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