especially in migrant communities. Finally, when I asked Raoul to describe his ethnicity, he said that he identifies as American-Mexican. Although Raoul was born in America, had lived here all of his life, and is legally an American citizen, he still partially identifies as Mexican. Raoul’s identity is influenced by the effects of immigrant replenishment, which prevents Mexican-Americans from being able to completely assimilate due to the constant flow of Mexican immigrants (Jimenez 2008).
agreement that trauma informed care generally refers to a philosophical stance integrating awareness and understanding of trauma and its ongoing impact on patients’ health and lives, there is not yet consensus on a definition or clarity on how the model can be applied in a variety of settings. The philosophical underpinnings of trauma informed care trace to the feminist movements of the 1970s (Burgess & Holstrom, 1974), and the emergence of child-advocacy centers and awareness and response to child
SUPPORTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH LITERACY IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS Key Issues and Promising Practices Diane August August & Associates Report No. 61 February 2003 This report was published by the Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk (CRESPAR), a national research and development center supported by a grant (No. R-117-D40005) from the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), U.S. Department of Education. The content or opinions expressed
ECS8C_C01.qxd 22/10/2007 11:54 Page 597 CASE STUDIES ECS8C_C01.qxd 22/10/2007 11:54 Page 598 ECS8C_C01.qxd 22/10/2007 11:54 Page 599 Guide to using the case studies The main text of this book includes 87 short illustrations and 15 case examples which have been chosen to enlarge speciﬁc issues in the text and/or provide practical examples of how business and public sector organisations are managing strategic issues. The case studies which follow allow the