Essay about Asm 34

1268 Words Sep 27th, 2012 6 Pages
Unit 4222-616 Administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects (ASM 34)

Outcome 2 Know about common types of medication and their use

1. describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects

Below are outlined 3 types of common medications.

Analgesics: i.e. Codeine, used for pain relief, side effects can be light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and sedation. Codeine can also cause allergic reactions, symptoms of which include constipation, abdominal pain, rash and itching.

Antibiotics: i.e. Amoxicillin, a penicillin based antibiotic which fights bacteria in your body. It can only be taken if you are not allergic to Penicillin and do not have
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Intramuscular - An injection of drugs into the muscle which allows a deposit of drugs to become established that will be released gradually

Subcutaneous - An injection of drugs into the layer of skin directly below the dermis and epidermis, collectively referred to as the cutis which allows an easier absorption.

Outcome 3 Understand procedures and techniques for the administration of medication

1. explain the types, purpose and function of materials and equipment needed for the administration of medication via the different routes

There are various types of materials and equipment required to deliver medications via different routes examples of which are: patches for drug absorption i.e. in hormone replacement which can be placed in the most direct location, needles for subcutaneous injection i.e. in insulin dependant diabetes to allow the transfer of insulin into the body. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feed tubes for people with issues swallowing or with sever reflux to allow liquid food and medications to be administered whilst bypassing the throat and gullet.

2. identify the required information from prescriptions / medication administration charts

The Medicine Administration Record (MAR) chart should record what is on the box of medication including full name, address and date of birth of the patient to ensure the prescription is correct for that person. It should also have the date to ensure the
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