Asm 34 answers

1690 Words Jan 21st, 2014 7 Pages
ASM34 1.1

Legislation – The Medicines Act, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations, The Health and Safety at Work Act, The Misuse of Drugs Act, The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations, Health and Social Care Act
The Medication Policy and procedure and Mars Handbook covers assessment of individuals’ needs, administering, storage, recording and disposal of medicines including their effects and potential side effects
ASM34 2.1
Common Types of Medication, Effects, Potential Side Effects
Analgesics e.g. paracetamol
Analgesics are used to relieve pain such as headaches.
Addiction to these can happen if taken over a long period of time. Also, irritation of the stomach, liver damage and sleep disturbances as some
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Oral
This is medication that is taken via the mouth. This can be in the form of tablets and capsules. If an individual finds it difficult to swallow tablets oral medication is also available in liquids, suspensions and syrups. Sublingual medications are for example when tablets are placed under the tongue to dissolve quickly.
Transdermal
Transdermal medications come in the form of patches that are applied to the skin normally to the chest or upper arm. They work by allowing the medication to be released slowly and then absorbed. For example, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) patches and nicotine patches.
Topical
Topical medications come in the form of creams and gels and are applied directly to the skin surface usually to treat skin conditions.
Instillation
Instillation medications come in the form of drops or ointments and can be instilled via the eyes, nose or ears. Drops can be used for ear or eye infections. Nose sprays are used for treating for example hay fever.
Intravenous
Intravenous medication enters directly into the veins and absorbed quickly.
Rectal/Vaginal
Rectal medications are absorbed very quickly. Suppositories are available and are given into the rectum. Pessaries are given into the vagina.
Subcutaneous
Subcutaneous medications are injected just beneath the skin i.e. insulin is

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