Assess The Role Of Self-Efficacy In Education

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increases in heart rate, breathing rate, and sweating. Emotional state refers to the mood one is in when performing, such as feeling anxious. Depending on the mood, emotional state can either positively or negatively affect interpretation of an event’s outcome (Bandura, 1986, 1997). People experience sensations from their body and how they perceive this emotional arousal influences their beliefs of efficacy (Bandura, 1977). Physiological states such as anxiety, stress, arousal, fatigue, and mood states also provide information about efficacy beliefs. Because individuals have the capability to alter their own thinking, self efficacy beliefs, in turn, also powerfully influence the physiological states themselves. Although this source is the least influential of the four, it is important to note that if one is more at ease with the task at hand they will feel more capable and have…show more content…
The information acquired from these different sources is then cognitively appraised (Bandura, 1997). How students perceive their study conditions directly influences their self efficacy. For example, student perceptions of classrooms as supporting mastery evaluation and autonomy positively impact self-efficacy (Greene, Miller, Crowson, Duke, & Akey, 2004). The initial self-efficacy fluctuates as a function of ability and earlier experience, and is confirmed when students observe goal progress or are given feedback that communicates skillfulness (Elliot & Dweck, 1988). Difficult goals are believed to develop skills more effectively than easy goals, as difficult goals offer more information about ability. Models such as teacher and peer students are important sources of explicit efficacy information (vicarious experience), and observing models can be very beneficial in supporting efficacy and motivation (Bandura,
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