Assess sociological explanations of cha

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Assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood?

Childhood is a social construction and varies between times, places and groups. Most sociologists see our ides of childhood as a fairly recent one, the result of industrialisation and other social changes. Modern society constructs childhood as a tie of vulnerability, innocence and segregation from the adult world. The March of progress sociologist believe we live in an increasingly child-centred society. They state that children have existence of child poverty, abuse and exploitation. Child liberationists argue that children in modern western society are victims of age patriarchy and are subject to adult control. Some argue that we are witnessing the disappearance
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These have encouraged parents to make a greater financial and emotional investment in the fewer children that we have now. Children’s health and development became the subject of medical knowledge. Jacques Donzelot (1977) observes how theories of child development that began to appear from the 19th century. The laws and policies that apply specifically to children, such as minimum wages for a wide range of activities from sex to smoking, have reinforced the idea that children are different from adults and so different rules must be applied to their behaviour.

The march of progress view
Is that position of children has improved dramatically in a relatively short period of time. However, conflict sociologist such as Marxists and feminists dispute this. They argue that society is based on conflicts between social groups such as social classes or between genders. In this conflict, some groups have more power, status or wealthy than others. Conflict sociologist see the relationship between groups as one of domination and subordination, in which the dominant act as oppressors. Conflict sociologist argues that the march of progress view of modern childhood is based on false and idealised image that ignores important inequalities. They criticise the march of progress view on two grounds and they; that there are inequalities among children in terms of the opportunities and risks they face, many today remain
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