Assessment And Juvenile Offenders Research Paper

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Running head: ASSESSMENTS AND JUVENILE OFFENDERS 1 Assessments and Juvenile Offenders Nikeisha Paradis Post University Delinquent and criminal behavior among America’s youth is an increasingly complex topic within the legal system. Behavioral science research, assumptions, and the process of trial and error has shifted the way juvenile offenders are sentenced, rehabilitated and reintegrated into society. Although incarceration rates have declined in recent years, the United States is the world’s leader in youth incarceration (Roesch & Zapf, 2016). Majority of juvenile offenders are subjected to the juvenile justice system, but an alarming number of youths are transferred to adult court (Roesch & Zapf, 2016). According to Redding (2010), all…show more content…
United States (1966). The ruling of Kent v. United States focuses on the importance of determining the juvenile’s sophistication and development, treatment cooperation, and risk to the community before approving a transfer to adult court (Roesch & Zapf, 2016). Historically, most states transferred juvenile offenders to adult courts via judicial waiver but today courts use automatic transfers and prosecutorial direct-file procedures more frequently (Washburn et al, 2015). Factors such as type of offense, the age of the juvenile offender, and criminal history take precedent for determining if the juvenile defendant meets the criteria for an automatic transfer (Washburn et al, 2015). An automatic transfer excludes the juvenile defendant from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court and prosecutorial direct- file mechanisms allow the prosecutor to determine when to file certain juvenile cases in criminal court (Washburn et al, 2015). juveniles who are The assessment procedure when working with juvenile offenders requires specialized training and expertise in treating children and adolescents. While many of the questions asked…show more content…
In most states, public safety and whether or not the needs of the juvenile defendant will be served by the transfer to adult court are considered in the transfer hearing (Cottle, 2008). Factors such as the juveniles age, level of maturity, intellectual functioning, previous record, prior attempts for rehabilitation, whether or not the offense was aggressive, violent, premeditated or done in a willful manner, the availability of beneficial programs or rehabilitation facilities within juvenile jurisdiction, and the seriousness of the alleged offense are the primary factors assessed during the transfer hearing (Cottle, 2008). According to Cottle (2008), judges like to evaluate transfers on a case by case basis in addition to using evaluations conducted by mental health professionals. In order to assess if the juvenile offender would be rehabilitated with adequate treatment, the mental health professional needs to determine the relevant legal information appropriate for the assessment (Cottle, 2008). For example, certain legal information
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