Children can take more than one of these steps at the same time. This list of steps, though, gives you a general idea of how your child will progress toward reading.” (Helping your child become a reader) While these ideas may seem structured, it is also important to allow children to be creative and use their imagination. Although reading is imperative, too many arrangements and rules can turn a child off and lead to feelings of resentment, anger, and resistance. Reading should be set to the tone and pace of the child.
The baseline data was established using the Fountas & Pinnell Benchmark Assessment System (BAS). This test assesses reading comprehension through the process of students reading a text at the appropriate instructional reading level and answering comprehension questions. This assessment tool measures students' ability for accuracy, self correction, fluency, comprehension, and writing. An overall level score is given through a letter identification, A-Z. For the baseline data purpose the letters A-Z were numbered off 1-26 to give the students' scores an adequate numerical score. The assessment determines whether students exceed expectations, meet expectations, approaches expectations, or does not meet expectation. A third-grade student at the
She liked the idea of the story but the sentence structure and the vocabulary used made it hard for her to follow sometimes. I found myself stopping to explain what was going on or what a word meant often. This made the process of reading the book unpleasant. If I had been reading this book by myself I would have been able to read it in a couple hours tops but with reading it to her the process ended up stretching out over the course of weeks. She lost interest towards the end and didn’t even want to finish it with me. Granted she is a little younger than the recommended age range but with me reading it to her it shouldn’t have been as difficult for her to understand as it was. I worry that students reading this on their own will not be able to comprehend what is happening and wade through the vocabulary. I know that many of the vocabulary words could be skipped and a student could still comprehend the story but many of the vocabulary words that are more advanced are the words that give the story its fullness and richness. Without understanding those words the characters lose a great deal of their quirk and spunk. It is because of these issues that I don’t think I would recommend this book to students very often. Despite the fact it is only 148 pages I worry that it won’t be a good experience for them. I do think that there are times that this book could be good but not for the average
Addison read a narrative and an expository passage at Level P, “Plenty of Pets” a narrative passage and then an expository passage, “Animal Instincts”. Addison read both passages with 96% and 99% accuracy respectively. She scored satisfactory on both passages. When reading Level Q, she read a nonfiction passage, “Not Too Cold for a Polar Bear” with 97% accuracy and excellent comprehension. At Level R, she read with 95% accuracy and satisfactory for comprehension, although it is deliberate and arduous. However, when Addison read a narrative and expository text Level S, “Could Be Worse” and “Amazing Animal Adaptations”, reading both passages below 95% accuracy. When considering a fluency score, Addison primarily reads in three and four word groups, however it is not smooth and lacks expression with a slow rate most of the time. Aimweb progress monitoring data were considered to determine Addison’s correct word per minutes. According to the data, Addison’s word recognition skills significantly impacts her ability to read fluently, thus causing frustration. She is currently being progressed monitored at a third grade level, indicating she falls near the thirty third percentile when compared to third grade students nationally, reading a median of 109 correct words per minute.
There were three sentences in her sample to retell the story related to the text and all were structured in the same way, the sentence beginning then in the text it says and then evidence given from the text. The student does not get a chance to voice her opinion or provide stronger descriptive words. During reading partners the student is working on retelling mainly the gist of the stories along with learning to sequence and this is then portrayed within her writing. During the retell of many stories, she is able to summarize in words everything she read, when asked to write this sequence down the student is unable to fully and complete write the words without the sentence stems and evidence from the text.
For lesson 3, we started out by doing the QRI-6 Passage. I first asked him the three concept questions before reading the passage. For the first question, he just said, I don’t know. I feel like he knew what to say; he just didn’t want to answer the question or say what he was thinking. The other two questions he answered and got the highest score for each of those, so he scored a 6 out of 9, or a 66 and 2/3%. He then read the passage, Just Like Mom, to me. There were 45 total words in the passage, and he was able to read all of them correctly. I timed him as he was reading, and it took him 36 seconds to read the whole thing. Because he didn’t have any miscues, his words per minute (WPM) was the same as his words correct per minute (WCPM),
Addison read a narrative and an expository passage at Level P, “Plenty of Pets” a narrative passage and then an expository passage, “Animal Instincts”. Addison read both passages with 96% and 99% accuracy respectively. She scored satisfactory on both passages. When reading Level Q, she read a nonfiction passage, “Not Too Cold for a Polar Bear” with 97% accuracy and excellent comprehension. At Level R, she read with 95% accuracy and satisfactory for comprehension, although it is deliberate and arduous. However, when Addison read a narrative and expository text Level S, “Could Be Worse” and “Amazing Animal Adaptations”, reading both passages below 95% accuracy. When considering a fluency score, Addison primarily reads in three and four word groups, however it is not smooth and lacks expression with a slow rate most of the time. Aimweb progress
In duet reading, a stronger reader is paired with a less-fluent reader. The stronger reader sets the pace and provides visual tracking by moving his or her finger below each word as it is read in unison. In audio-recorded books, the student reads aloud with an audio-recorded version of a book. The purpose is to encourage the weaker reader to read along with the tape. In echo reading, the adult reads a short passage and then invites the child to “Say what I say” or “Copy me,” encouraging the child to repeat what the adult has read (Robertson & Davig, 2002). In this way, the adult models fluent reading and then provides the child with an opportunity for immediate practice. In paired reading, children who are struggling with reading fluency are paired up with a more capable reader. In this strategy, the fluent reader and reader take turns reading by lines or pages (Mathes, Fuchs, Fuchs, Henley, & Sanders, 1994).
The first lessons will begin with inaccurate versus accurate reading as improving those will increase word accuracy efficiently. The student will receive direct instruction on the importance of accurate reading, along with vocabulary lessons
The Reading Comprehension section, Jason was incapable to answer most of the questions after reading short passages. He seemed very frustrated and didn’t want to continue answering questions. During the test, the student asked me to stop the test. We kept going until he couldn’t answer anymore. He finished the section in the 4th percentile and his standard score was 74.
Running records. Essentially a visual recording of the student’s reading word by word. It enables a teacher to identify the reading strategies the student may or may not be using and the types of errors the student makes while reading. These errors reveal what is going on in the student’s mind as he or she attempts to make meaning, or comprehend the text. To administer a running record, the teacher provides the student with a book judged to be at his or her current reading level. As the student reads, the teacher makes a series of specialized marks on a running record recording sheet. A checkmark indicates each word read correctly, and other special markings are used to indicate words that have been omitted, inserted or substituted with
I do not think the reading comprehension test was adequate, since it was only a 10 item test. Quizzes can be helpful to show how students are performing, but that does not represent a multi-chapter exam. A 50 question exam would better represent not only the students’ comprehension of the material but their ability apply it and remember it.
Running Record is used by teachers to assess students’ reading performance as they read from the benchmark books, specially selected books chose for assessment purpose. It is a very valuable tool to identify patterns in students reading behavior that allows to see strategies students used to make meaning of individual words and texts as a whole. The information teachers get while doing a running record helps to identify error, reading accuracy and students
The failure of students being able to read and comprehend what they are reading is a great concern for most schools. When students enter the fifth grade and are not on grade level, they are already behind their classmates. Teachers are then responsible for remediating the students to get them on grade level. Unfortunately, these same students are unable to keep up with on grade level standards teachers are required to teach, because they lack the skills needed. These students will continue to struggle throughout their education because they will not be able to catch up to their grade level. Many educators have realized there is a gap between fluency and comprehension. Because of this realization, special instruction such as guided reading and remedial teaching has been implemented.
Individuals should have an easy time completing this assessment. The format should prevent any inaccuracy in responses. The questions are written at a sixth-grade level. This could cause a problem for some individuals who can’t