Assessment and Diagnosis

1610 WordsMar 18, 20137 Pages
Caring for Populations: Assessment and Diagnosis Introduction Pertussis, also known as the “whooping cough”, is a highly contagious respiratory illness that is passed from person to person through coughing and sneezing (Gregory, 2013). Early symptoms are similar to those from common colds, but when Pertussis progresses, it can turn to deep cough and potentially vomiting with little or no fever. It is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. The disease can be very serious in children less than 1 year of age where it can cause lung infections and, less often, seizures or inflammation of the brain. In rare cases, pertussis can result in death, especially in infants (VDH, 2012). The purpose of this investigation is to help people…show more content…
While its vaccine is being routinely administrated to infants during regular checkups, certain people still don’t get vaccinated. It is especially important for infants, and Pediatricians need to report when parents choose to opt out and not have their baby vaccinated. State law should only allow for health or religious reasons. For health professionals, CDC has made the following recommendations regarding vaccine (CDC, 2012): * For Infants and Children: In the US, the recommended pertussis vaccine for children is called DTaP. This is a safe and effective combination vaccine that protects children against three diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. For maximum protection against pertussis, children need five DTaP shots. The first three shots are given at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. The fourth shot is given at 15 through 18 months of age, and a fifth shot is given when a child enters school, at 4 through 6 years of age. If a 7-10 year old is not up-to-date with DTaP vaccines, a dose of Tdap should be given before the 11-12 year old check up. * For Preteens and Teens: Vaccine
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