Assignment : Critical Thinking Psychology

948 WordsAug 30, 20174 Pages
Unit 4 Assignment: Critical Thinking in Psychology Shakirah Tulloch PS 501 August 29, 2017 Kaplan University Critical Thinking in Psychology This paper is based off of a peer reviewed research article. The construct being assessed is the self-esteem of adolescents. One who has high self-esteem will feel confident and will see themselves as deserving the respect of others. High self-esteem enables the individual to be happy, have lots of energy, stay focused, and to be successful. Low self-esteem can be caused by self-doubt, self-criticism, social isolation, suppressed anger, and shame. This level of self-esteem also is a symptom of several mental health conditions, including anxiety and depression. This study will discuss…show more content…
Ten of the participants were biracial of which three identified as Caucasian and three as African American (Myers, 2011). A form was used to collect demographic data of the participants. The five factor wellness model (5F-Wel) was developed to assess the factors that are incorporated in the Individual Self Model of Self (IS-Wel). The content on the test includes 73 attitude and behavioral statements which are rated using a 4 point Likert scale ranging from strongly agree (1) to strongly disagree (4). Reliability for the subscales was as follows: Total Wellness, .98; Creative Self, .96; Coping Self, .89; Social Self, .96; Essential Self, .95; and Physical Self, .90. The data from thus study states that the equivalent alpha coefficients were .90, .89, .88, .89, .82, and .87 (Myers, 2011). The IS-Wel is an evidence-based model derived from Alfred Adler’s theory which highlights the indivisibility of the self or in other words a more holistic approach. Five evaluating second factors used in this instrument were creative, coping, social, essential, and physical self. Within this factor were a set of 17 third order factor for example thinking, emotions, work, positive humor, leisure, stress management, self-worth, friendship, love, spirituality, gender and identity just to name a few. In this study however only the first and second factors were used. Coopersmith (CSEI) was used to assess the participant’s self-esteem. This
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