Assignment: Punishment Philosophy Paper

691 Words3 Pages
Assignment: Punishment Philosophy Paper

There are five punishment philosophies used in the criminal justice system, deterrence, rehabilitation, incapacitation, retribution, and restoration. (Meyer & Grant, 2003) The goal of each philosophy is to prevent criminal offenses from occurring. The first philosophy is deterrence, this philosophy tries to convince people not to commit crimes or violate laws. When a person decides not to do something like parking in a handicapped space because they will be fined for breaking the law, this is called deterrence. Officers can decide to write a warning instead of taking formal actions like having the offender appear in court. (Meyer & Grant, 2003) The two types of deterrence
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There is also custodial sentencing like incarceration or home confinement instead of being in jail or prison. People that have jobs and the system feels that it would cause a hardship for themselves or their families can get work release, study release, weekend sentences, or even electronic monitoring. (Meyer & Grant, 2003) There are other types of sanctions like the death penalty. Every judge has their own theory that they use and practice when sentencing criminal offenders. Most judges adhere to a particular philosophy and pick the penalties that they feel suit the particular criminal offense.

Meyer, J. F., & Grant, D. R. (2003). The Courts in our Criminal Justice System. Upper Saddle
River, NJ: Prentice
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