Assistive Technology

3767 Words Jul 24th, 2014 16 Pages
Supporting Independent Living

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Introduction
The need for independent living among people who struggle with daily activities such as walking, eating, washing or driving has necessitated the incorporation of technology into health and social care to enable these people improve their capabilities. There are over 3000 technologies that have been designed to enable these people live productive and fulfilling lives independently. However, when using these technologies, there are several ethical and safety considerations that require to be met. The assistive technologies have been beneficial both to the health and social care organizations and the users. This paper considers two case studies to explore the use of
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Telecare is able to detect and minimize risks such as fall or flood and then offer immediate response or help (Doughty, Cameron and Garner, 1996).
Adaptive technology
Adaptive technology can also be used to promote and facilitate independent living among health and social care services users. Adaptive technology generally refers to products or systems that are specifically designed to enhance capabilities of persons with certain kinds of disabilities. Examples of such items are the wheelchairs and prosthetics (Cooper, Ohnabe and Hobson, 2007). Sally is given items such as dressing stick, kitchen aids for cooking, jar openers, recipe card holders and gardening tools. In addition to that, the assistive technology specialist also gives Sally pots and pans with large handles to help her in her daily activities. These are examples of adaptive technologies that have been modified to suit Sally’s condition and help her in daily activities. Sally’s car is also adapted with a spinner knob as well as a left foot gas pedal. She is also given a larger keyboard with large black letters to aid in typing. These two are additional examples of adaptive technologies that are used for independent living.
Communication Technology
Communication technologies are provided to enhance or replace the normal human communication. Some of the aids are given to replace speech. There are different kinds of communication aids that are available for the health and social