Childhood obesity has been increasing over recent years (Atay & Bereket, 2016). Kings Fund (2016) has shown a link to the lower socio-economic areas. Furthermore, World Health Organization [WHO] (2016) has recognised childhood obesity as a public health issue. Childhood obesity is the contemporary public health issue that is going to be explored throughout this assignment. Epidemiology will justify the reasoning as to why childhood obesity is a public health issue. A health promotion initiative designed to target obesity and the population’s health and wellbeing will be evaluated using Tannahills Model of Health Promotion (Tannahill, 2008). The health promotion initiative chosen is ‘Change 4 Life’ (Department of Health, 2011).
An approach helps the promoter to make decisions on how they will approach the clients in giving the information needed for that certain approach (Naidoo & Wills, 2004). An approach will “determine the diversity in concept of health, influence of health and ways of measuring health lead” (Naidoo & Wills, 2004). Each approaches have different aims, methods and means of evaluation as well as different objectives on preventing diseases (Ewles & Simnet, 2003), ensuring the people or clients are well informed and are able to make their own health choice, help the client to acquire their own skill and confidence to “take greater control over their health” (Naidoo & Wills, 2004) and to be able to change policies and environments in order to facilitate healthy choices (Naidoo & Wills, 2004).
Programs outside of health and public health sectors influence the social determinants of health. Often, policies and programs in various non-health sectors, such as education and agriculture, can intentionally or unintentionally impact population health (National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy, 2012). These programs and policies can be assessed for their impacts. Program evaluation is a “systematic way to improve and account for program actions involving methods that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate” (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, 1999). In regard to evaluating health promotion programs, this can involve analyzing programs for effectiveness and efficiency and their effects on the health outcomes of the target and vulnerable populations, and health inequities.
The significance of health promotion to change public health behaviors cannot be ignored. Health promotion has been very crucial towards helping people consider their health behaviors in recent years and as a result, many people are more mindful of their health behaviors and lifestyle choices. Globally, majority of people are now conscious of their health and social wellbeing which are determined by several factors outside the health system. They include socioeconomic conditions, patterns of consumption associated with food and communication, demographic patterns, learning environments, family patterns, the social and cultural fabric of societies. Health promotion is more relevant today than it has ever been in addressing public health problems.
In this article, the author discussed that health system and health services should play a more active role in addressing social determinants of health by adapting an expanded population health model and embracing health equity perspective. This article is distinct because it conveyed that improving the health of the population tends to conflict with reducing health inequalities. The author also pointed out that in order to reduce health and social disparities among the population, health care providers should have a comprehensive understanding of the population they served. The article is relevant because it supports my claim that adapting health promotion model can assist health care providers in determining the health and social needs of
I believe the focus should change into health promotion/disease prevention. Increasing focus on prevention will help improve our health, quality of life and prosperity. The article written by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention reveals, “ seven out of 10 deaths among Americans each year are because of undetected chronic disease such as cancer and heart disease” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) . Approximately one out of every two adults has at least one chronic illness, many of which maybe preventable if a routine health visit was done on regular bases. When people receive preventive care, they have better health and lower health care costs. For example, expanding the linkages between clinical and community prevention efforts,
The aim of the assignment is to outline at least 2 Theoretical Models that underpin health promotion. The theories chosen in this evaluation are the Health Belief Model and the Social Cognitive Theory. In order to outline theories which underpin health promotion it is important to first understand what health promotion is. Heath promotion is the process of enabling control over health and its detriments, improving health in the long run.
As a health care provider our first response always set the tone for a return on a consequence. Furthermore, as health care professional analyzing health care issues revolve around understanding the problem, implementing an intervention, and applying a solution. The World Health Organization states “health promotion helps reduce excess mortality, address the leading risk factors and underlying determinants of health, helps strengthen sustainable health systems, and places heath at the center of the broad development agenda.”
The U. S. Department of Health and Human Services recently announced $1.01 billion in grant-funding opportunities for Health promotion. These grant programs emerged directly from the Affordable Care Act (PPACA). Enacted in 2010, this legislation significantly affects both Medicare and Medicaid. It is designed to gradually shrink Medicare's drug-coverage "doughnut hole" until it is completely eliminated, a goal set for 2020. (The doughnut hole in Medicare Part D begins when a person's annual individual drug expenditures reach a certain amount. Coverage begins again when those expenses reach the "catastrophic" phase of coverage.) However, federal subsidies to Part C are designated to be cut, and Medicare payroll taxes for high-income earners are set to increase starting in 2013.
Nola Pender's Health Promotion Model will be used as a guide for this replication study.According to Alkhalaileh, Khaled, Baker, & Bond (2011), the Health Promotion Model (HPM) provides a framework to examine influences on participation in health promoting behaviors and provides direction for effective interventions. The HPM focuses on the concepts of a person's individual characteristics and experiences and it also focuses on that fact that the surrounding people, like family, friends and health care providers, are important factors of interpersonal influences that can increase or decrease commitment and focus in health-promoting behavior. Veterans with serious mental illness are prone to be at high risk for obesity and being overweight because of their sedentary lifestyles, poor dietary habits, and possible medication side effects. The Veterans Health Administration developed the MOVE! weight management program in 2006, in order to promote healthy lifestyles in
Health promotion utilises theories and models to guide practice. A theory is the general principles of a framework of ideas in regards to a particular topic. (Merriam-webster.com, 2016) A model is a set plan of action based on theoretical ideas to achieve a set goal. (Merriam-webster.com, 2016)
In today’s generation, many people don’t have a healthy way of living. We all have a choice to live with a healthy lifestyle, but many choose to live just for today. While there may not be anything wrong with living that way, the US Department of Health and Human Services (Healthy People 2020, 2010) set out to create a program to promote health across all stages of life. That is where Healthy People 2020 comes in. Healthy People 2020 is an approach with a set purpose, a list of multi sector priorities, and a program which affects nursing practice/patient care (Healthy People 2020, 2010).
Health promotion empowers individuals throughout awareness to improve and acknowledge their health. Its main focus of an individual is to embrace their capabilities and skills they possess and the attempt to change in regards to alternating environmental, economic and political conditions to then weaken the impact it has on one’s health and likewise, populations. The outcomes that health promotions will need in order for one ’s self to take control over their health and improved results would be:
Health is defined as a state in which human needs are met in an autonomic way, and is not limited to the absence of disease or disablement (V. Henderson). Optimal health is a lively, self-motivated equilibrium of physical, intellectual, spiritual, emotional, and social well-being. The concept of health promotion delineates the method of empowering people to increase control over, and to advance their own overall health.