Asthm A Long Term Disease

1713 Words Apr 8th, 2015 7 Pages
Asthma is a long term disease that inflames and narrows the airways in the lungs. When a person has asthma, cells and tissues in the airways become susceptible to inflammation when they come in contact with different substances. These substances can be harmless but with asthma, these substances can become very dangerous. This inflammation in the airways then leads to airway narrowing. The body’s response to ease the inflammation is the release of histamine and leukotrienes. When histamine and leukotirens are released, the muscles in the airways contract which makes the airways to become narrow. The nerves in the airway also become more sensitive which leads to harsh coughing and wheezing. There are many triggers of asthma which include allergies, smoke, exercise, infection and work places. During the summer and fall the trees and grass are exposing much of their pollen to many people. It is exposed through the air and can cause people asthma symptoms to return. People with food allergies are at high risk of having an asthma attack when consuming food that they are allergic to. People can receive immunotherapy to help with environmental allergies. People with food allergies should test their IgG antibodies when consuming a particular food. During this test, they can detect what food causes inflammation in their airways. Tobacco smoke can increase the risk of having asthma attacks. People, who smoke and have asthma, make their condition worse and harder to…
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