Atheism : The Case Against God

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In Atheism: The Case Against God, George H. Smith refutes arguments that many Theists use to try and prove God’s existence. One example of this is what he describes as “The Argument from Life.” This argument is often referred to as the fine-tuning argument as it argues that the Universe that humanity is a part of is so unlikely, it is as if it has been fine-tuned by a supernatural force. Although Smith argues against this claim using a variety of arguments, he is ultimately unsuccessful in refuting it because an intelligent designer is a better explanation for life than chance. In this section, Smith raises four main points to refute the theistic argument. First, he claims that the possibility of god causing existence is illogical since something would have needed to cause god. He states, “If god himself is in any sense alive, then he must also be the result of conscious design by a supergod - and so on into our familiar regress.” Basically, Smith is stating that god cannot explain creation because if creation needs a creator, then the creator would need a creator too. Although Smith is really arguing against cosmological arguments in this case, the ability to use God as an explanation must be defended in order to defend the fine-tuning argument. So, the logical possibility of a god creating the universe will be defended here. Smith’s argument does not work because Smith is misunderstanding how the theist applies the principle of causality. The theist is not arguing that
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