There were multiple contributors to the fate of the Greeks. Athens, a major Greek city-state, started their government with Aristocrats in control. However, Cleisthenes, an Aristocrat, had a different dream of democracy. Once he became the ruler, he began to put democracy into place. He was interrupted when Isagoras overthrew and exiled him. The people of Athens did not like the tyrant Isagoras was; they revolted and got Cleisthenes back. He brought democracy and now the people were part of the government. The democracy was tested when the Persian Wars caused the democratic people to come together and fight. Next was Themistocles, who came to power through democracy. He knew after the first victory, the Persians would be back and got his people to form a navy. He planned to fight the Persians by water; by evacuating the Acropolis, he lead the Persians to the sea and defeated them. The time of peace started with Pericles, the new democratic leader of Athens, wanting to build the Parthenon on top of the Acropolis. Pericles wanted more, causing problems with Sparta. Sparta formed an alliance with Persians and trapped Athenians in the city.
Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known in Greek as Hellas or Ellada, and consisting of a mainland and an archipelago of islands. Philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature (Homer and Hesiod), mathematics (Pythagoras and Euclid), history (Herodotus), drama (Sophocles, Euripedes, and Aristophanes), these are the birthplace of Greece. And the Latin alphabet also comes from Greece.
Leonardo Di Vinci once said “Painting is poetry that is seen rather than felt, and poetry is painting that is felt rather than seen.” Through the great artistic works of many artists we are able to experience and feel an event that they have went through in their lives. Art allows us to express ourselves and also makes us feel better about expressing our feelings. The Classical ideal of ancient Athens pertains to the standard of excellence proposed by the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome, beginning in the Golden Age of Greece.
The ancient Greeks were particularly concerned with such fundamental questions as who should rule and how? As this question is also the major concern of many society and nation in this modern day. In this assignment I will try to Compare and contrast all the forms o the Ancient Greek city state government raging from monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy.
Considered the cradle of Western civilization, Athens is regarded as the birthplace of democracy. The powerful city-state developed and grew along with the neighbouring port of Piraeus which was to become a major sea-going centre in the region. The purpose of this essay is to discuss who ruled ancient Athens. In doing so, the essay will first, define the term ‘rule’. Second, it will examine the different governments who ruled Athens, outlining some of the strategies and challenges faced by the groups who had vested interests in the city-state. Finally, it will point out the rules and structures as of this city whose political legacy proved to be significant and long lasting.
The Greek people suffered from oppression and inequality under the Ottoman empire for over 400 years before finding bright individuals that would aid them in starting a revolution that would change their lifestyles forever. Why did the Greek wait 400 years to revolt? Although the answer is not clear, the peasants and farmers were too poor and uneducated because the area of Greece was in poverty. The Greeks found three different inspirational people that would help them discover what they valued and why they needed freedom from the Ottomans. What pushed the Greeks to finally revolt in the Greek War of Independence was the increased religious discrimination, the motivation of the prophets of the revolution, and the taxation policy.
Modern Athens was constructed after 1834 became the capital of a newly independent Greece. Athens is curtural better because it’s control Atica + largest city state very high in there population region of greece. It a global cityLthe biggest economy centres in southeastern europe. The population use to be 664,066 within in administrative limits the land area is 38,96 km2 also in urban area in athens extends beyond administrative municipal city limits.Athens stretches on a large peninsula that is protected by mountains from all sides of the horizon.The first Modern Olympics was held in Athens in April 6 1896 athletes competed in one event a foot race other events were added, including chariot racing, boxing, wrestling and the pentathlon.
The Acropolis is located at the highest point of Athens, Greece. Many other places in Greece have "an" acropolis, but "The Acropolis" usually refers to the location of the Parthenon in Athens. The Acropolis got its name because "Acro" means "high" and "polis" means "city". In the city of Athens it is actually illegal to build any structure taller than the Acropolis because it is thought of as disrespectful to the gods. Its most famous monument being the Parthenon. The Acropolis also includes The Propylaea, which is a ceremonial gateway into the Acropolis, Athena Nike, a smaller temple, and The Erechtheion, a temple to the gods Attica, Athena, and Poseidon-Erectheus.
The Athenians have made it their boast that they had never been conquered. Both Achaean and Dorian invaders passed them by, possibly because their rocky plain was far less fertile than the rich valleys of Argos or Sparta. Thus the Athenians represented, or claimed to represent, the purest and most ancient Grecian stock, descended from the gods themselves (Ellis). The initial name of Athens was Akte or Aktike, named after the first king, Akteos (http://www.sikyon.com/Athens/ahist_eg01.html). Her second name, Kekropia, came from the king, Cecrops, who succeeded Akteos by marrying his daughter. According to the legend, his lower body was that of a dragon. During his reign, goddess Athena
Due to the prosecution of the Chalcis decree, the power Athens held over the rest of the League was undoubtedly clear.
The plague of Athens led to the death and destruction of not only a mass of people, but the entire civilization. This cataclysmic event that ended the great civilization of Athens has inspired countless authors to write about it. Starting at the beginning of 431 BCE, historian Thucydides wrote his take on it. In his work, “The History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides discussed the social and political consequences of the plague; a personal account on the experiences he lived through. Anywhere during 99-55 BCE, poet Lucretius had his work, “On the Nature of the Universe,” end with an account of the Athenian plague. Lucretius’s account was nearly an exact translation of Thucydides’ account, but whereas Thucydides wrote historically and genuinely on his experiences on the plague, Lucretius left certain things out and elaborated on others as he wrote it as part of natural phenomenon and laid out his writing to tell, in a didactic poem, the mental experience of the Athenian people.
Greece is fantastic place that is country of myths. Especially, Athens is one of the most famous city in Greece. That's because it has many attraction and tasty food. Acropolis and Monastiraki is famous tourist destination in Athens. Acropolis has many ancient Greece temple like the parthenon temple. Also Monastriraki is flea market so it has many tasty foods!
Democracy is a form of government that allows for the people to rule over themselves with more than one person having power. Various countries criticize democracy because they believe that people aren’t intelligent enough to make important decisions on their own. To understand their viewpoint and the viewpoints of people who do support democracy, we must examine civilizations who used democracy to gain their success. Democracy allowed for people to have their own voices heard. Having more than one ruler allows a country to not only focus on their governing but to give attention to recreational things for their people too. Democratic governing stops power driven rulers from taking complete power. The most efficient government is democracy because
Although having some common characteristics, the Athenian and Spartan were very different in many aspects. This means that the citizens of both city states took part in activities that were both different and similar at various times of the day.
Two leading city-states located in Greece that hold historic value could seem like they would have various similarities. Except they have numerous differences that could cause them to be acquaintances or opponents. Athens is the capital that's important for the culture of Greece, While Spartans was known for its military and power. When they came into a disagreement a war broke called the Peloponnesian War. The Athenians were defeated due to their lack of a strong military (“Athens vs Sparta). Due to this Alexander the great had a rise of power but not for the Greeks. This also caused a decline in women roles but most importantly to Athenian women (Lefkowitz). The Spartan life was always focused around war, while Athenian