Essay on Atkins or "Fadkins"

667 Words Nov 9th, 2012 3 Pages
Part 1
1.
a. Proteins
• made of amino acids
• main functions - cell synthesis and repair, energy as needed
• examples - soy, beans, legumes, nuts, seeds, animal products (milk, meats, cottage cheese, etc.)
b. Carbohydrates
• made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
• main functions - primary energy source, fat and protein metabolism, energy reserves in stored glycogen, blood glucose fuels brain and CNS
• examples - starch, sugars (breads, pasta, starchy vegetables, fruit sugars, simple sugars, etc.)
c. Fats
• made of fatty acids glycerol
• main functions
• saturated sources (dairy products, meat, margarine, chocolate, coconut oil, etc.), unsaturated/MUFAs/PUFAs sources (safflower/olive/soybean oils, tuna, salmon, etc.)

2. The
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This homeostasis is controlled by individual fat cells and when they get smaller it sends a signal to the brain to eat.

3.
Metabolism is the sum of all chemical reactions that take place in the body and how fast the body utilizes the calories that we put into it. Body weight increases and decreases based on the amount of calories put in and the amount of energy we burn.

4.
Increasing muscle mass does increase metabolism because all muscles have a resting energy requirement and more muscle utilizes more energy.

5.
A diuretic is any substance that increases the amount of fluid excreted as urine. This can have a negative effect on homeostasis because it can make the fluid that the body actually needs leave too.

6.
Exocrine glands, the liver and the kidneys remove toxins. A toxin is a biological poison. Some toxins are known to be stored in fat cells so it could be true that the more fat we have in our body the more toxic our body may become.

7.
Yes, Mitchell has a body image problem. More health risks that can result from this are irregular heartbeat, heart failure, gastric rupture in a case of binging, dehydration, tooth decay, irregular bowel movements or constipation, peptic ulcers and pancreatitis. Part 3
1. Carbohydrates are made up of sugars.
2. Blood carries sugar in its stream for energy. Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which carbohydrate use is reduced and that of

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