Demographic Growth In Dallas County, Texas

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Background Dallas County, Texas is the ninth largest county and occupies 871.28 square miles with 2,718 people per square mile (Census Bureau, 2015). A population growth occurred in the suburban areas which “can be attributed strong economic environment, business expansion, and employment opportunities” (Dallas County Health and Human Services, 2013). The Census Bureau lists the population on July 1, 2015 at 2,553,385 (Census Bureau, 2015). It increased 7.8% from April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015. Of this population in 2014, 99% lived in urban community (City-Data, 2016). The races in Dallas County, Texas are: white, 67.7%; black, 23.1%; American Indian, 1.1%; Asian, 6.2%; two or more races, 1.8%; and Native Hawaiian, 0.1%. Females represent 50.6% of the population (City Data, 2016). The median resident age is 32 in Dallas County, Texas whereas for the State, it is 33 years. (City Data, 2016). The median household income in 2014 was $49,925; per capita income in 2014 was $27,195 with 19.3% people in poverty. The cost of living in Dallas County as of March 2016 is 94.2 which is less than average (City-Data, 2016). A number below 100 for a cost of living means it is cheaper to live in the area than the United States average. The Dallas County residents that have no health insurance coverage is 29.4%, on the contrary, the Texas average is 15.2% (City Data, 2016). At least 39.8% of Dallas County residents have smoked 100 or more cigarettes in their lives which is less than average
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