Attachment And Human Development : Rapid Development And Child Development

963 Words4 Pages
When an infant is born, the brain and the mind develop together (Myers, 2014). Between the ages of 3-6, rapid growth takes place in the frontal lobes of the brain to enable rational planning (Myers, 2014). The association areas develop and are responsible for thinking, language, and memory (Myers, 2014). An infant’s maturing nervous system and developing brain allow physical coordination and a sequence of physical development which includes rolling over, crawling, and walking (Myers, 2014). Children go through stages starting with sensorimotor (birth-2), preoperation (2-6 or 7), concrete operational (7-11), and formal operational (12-adult) (Myers, 2014). Attachment is a significant social achievement during infancy, while a positive sense of self is a significant social achievement by age 12 (Myers, 2014). Adolescence begins with puberty and results in a rush of hormones which cause intense moods (Myers, 2014). Rapid physical development occurs during this time which consists of both primary and secondary sex characteristics (Myers, 2014). Selective pruning of unused neurons helps the brain to function efficiently (Myers, 2014). Myelin helps communication in the frontal lobes which improves impulse control, planning, and judgment (Myers, 2014). The frontal lobe is behind the limbic system in development, which explains risky behaviors and high emotions of teenagers (Myers, 2014). Reasoning in the adolescent years is self-focused, but adolescents eventually begin to reason
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