Attachment Is Defined As The Bond Between An Infant And A Primary Caregiver And The Reaction Essay

1925 WordsOct 30, 20168 Pages
Module #3- Assignment #3 - Samuel Staton Attachment is defined as the bond that is formed between an infant and a primary caregiver and the reaction an infant has during separation when reuniting with his/her primary caregiver (Lee, 2003). Since parents, biology, and culture influence attachment, children will experience different effects and results based on how attachment develops. In 1964, Rudolph Schaffer and Peggy Emerson conducted a study in which they studied babies and developed a sequential progression of attachment. Indiscriminate attachment occurs until three months of age in which infants respond to any caregiver. By seven to ten months of age, specific attachment to a single person occurs and fear of strangers develops. Beyond ten months, multiple attachments occur most likely with the caregiver that exhibits sensitive responsiveness (McLeod, 2009). In contradiction to the behavioral theory that stated that a child’s attachment to his/her mother was a set of learned behaviors centered around who fed the child, J. Bowlby introduced the attachment theory (McLeod, 2009). According to Bowlby, an infant’s attachment to his/her primary caregiver will be the secure protective base from which s/he will explore his/her world (Lee, 2003). He believed that children are born biologically ready to form attachments in order to survive. Their behaviors elicit responses from caregivers, not to solely get food, but care. He observed that when separated from the mother,
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