Attachment Theory : A Deep Emotional Bond

775 WordsFeb 3, 20164 Pages
Attachment theory is a deep emotional bond that connects the child to the caregiver across time and space. The child is attached by specific behaviors in children, such a seeking proximity with a primary caregiver when the parent is upset or threatened. The types of attachment styles are secure attachment; Preoccupied attachment; Dismissing Attachment; and “Unresolved for Trauma or Loss’ Attachment (Levy, Ellison, Scott, & Bernecker, 2011). The Secure attachment are when children or adults are open to explore their surroundings and relationships. People tend to be open, collaborative, committed, compliant, trusting of therapists, and able to integrate their therapist’s comments (Levy, Ellison, Scott, & Bernecker, 2011). Children form an emotional attachment to an adult who is attuned to them, who is sensitive and responsive in their interactions with adults. During the second year, the child begins to use this adult as a secure base from which to explore the world and become more independent. Secure attachment has been linked with positive development outcome for children in many areas (Siegel, 2014). Children are emotionally attuned, and have consistent continent communication with their parents or caregivers (Siegel, 2014). Preoccupied Attachment are clients that are interpersonally engaged, they are easier to treat. They are eager to discuss their worries and relationship difficulties as well as their personal problems. Clients tend to make chaotic and contradictory
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