Attachment Theory And Its Effect On An Individual

1051 WordsDec 7, 20155 Pages
Question One Attachment theory is one way of understanding relationships, and the effect it has on an individual (Bowlby, 2005). Bowlby theorized that the relationship established from birth by the primary caregiver is the foundation for the development of relationship building throughout the life cycle. This relationship instructs the infant how the environment will respond to crying, hunger, and emotional stimuli (2005). When the infant obtains a nurturing response to these stimuli the infant will have secure attachments, and provide a blueprint how the world will respond to their needs (Pearson, 2010). An unhealthy response (ignoring, yelling, etc.) perpetuates a negative development or insecure attachment giving the child an inconsistent understanding of what to expect from their environment (Pearson, 2010). Insecure attachments, in infants, can perpetuate health problems such as anxiety, depression, and failure to thrive (Bowlby, 2005). Failure to thrive is observed as a child’s lack of meeting developmental milestones (not eating, sleeping, standing, sitting, smiling, etc.) (Shah, 2015) As the child develops, the insecure attachment may present itself as maladaptive behaviors. Maladaptive behaviors are described as a way a person adjusts to their environment in an attempt to escape an uncomfortable situation (NAMI, 2015). They are often referred to as coping strategies; they can be negative or positive (NAMI, 2015). In a child experiencing attachment deficiencies,
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