Attachment in Developmental Psychology

1796 WordsDec 4, 20138 Pages
Introduction Attachment is the bond that links humans to vital people in their lives. This bond begins to develop early on in life. According to Berk (2012), infants can become attached to regular people in their lives before the second half of their first year of life. These early attachments are normally to the primary caregivers of the infant. An infant with an attachment disorder is an infant who is unable to connect with his or her caregiver. This can also be called insecure attachment, meaning that the infant is indifferent or opposed to the affections of his or her caregiver. Reactive attachment disorder, or RAD, is a common attachment disorder that causes an infant to show either no attachment to anyone or…show more content…
This study indicates that infants with depressed caregivers have lower occurrences of secure attachment than those with non-depressed caregivers. This study has multiple limitations. First, the sample was almost completely Caucasian. Thus, the results may not be able to be generalized. External validity can also be called into question because most of the sample was Mormon. Another reason to be cautious when generalizing these findings is due to attrition, a common issue in longitudinal studies. The diagnoses of the mothers’ depression were obtained from their therapists and not verified by researchers, causing a lack of consistent diagnostic evidence. Finally, this study’s results are based solely on correlation, not causation. Parental Divorce Research has also been done to determine whether there is a connection between parental divorce and attachment disorders in children. A study conducted by Altenhofen, Sutherland, & Biringen (2010) examined the characteristics that contribute to postdivorce child attachment. The sample consisted of 24 mothers and their children. Attachment was determined using Waters’ Attachment Q-Set (AQS). Characteristics like age at the start of overnight stays, parental discord and emotional availability were assessed for their significance in attachment security. Although all of the study variables did not predict attachment
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