home and run in with the law. Through research and parents report on their child’s disruptive behavior, medical profession put a tag on this troubling disorder as attention-deficit/hyperactivity impulsivity disorder (ADHD). Therefore, I will describe attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, describe the prevalence of ADHD, outline methods or strategies that address ADHD, and describe the identification and the assessment process of ADHD.
Miranda et al. (2014) stated that young adults with ADHD and as well comorbid disorders have a higher risk of abuse on nicotine, alcohol, cocaine, marijuana and other substance. Scully, Young and Bramham (2014) researched that seventy-three adults with ADHD were divided into two groups, one with a history pf offending behaviour, which were thirty people in total and of non-group offenders, who were forty-three people in total.
The purpose of this paper is to identify the link between ADHD and substance abuse. Substance abuse is a true threat to people who are diagnosed with psychological disorders. Among the questions of precursors to substance abuse, lies the hypothesis that individuals diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may become addicted to drugs or alcohol. Multiple studies have been done to either prove or disprove this hypothesis. This paper will discuss the results of those studies and demonstrate whether this hypothesis stands true
The medical world has noticed several changes and improvements during the past century, but maybe none that 's as economically rewarding afterward the prescription drug business. New medications turn-up regular and maintain to treat a growing number of ailments. Around the corner of each and every block is a drugstore as well as their shelves are stocked with prescription drugs plus it looks they 're here to stay. Most frequently we change to
According to the Mayo Clinic, Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that affects millions of children and often continues into adulthood. ADHD includes a combination of persistent problems, such as difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. This paper will seek to define and dissect ADHD from a clinical standpoint in such a way as to maintain a clear understanding for the layman to grasp its complexities and challenges. There are a number of sub-types of ADHD to date today affecting boys, girls, men and women of all ages, ethnicities and social groups with well over 6 million children throughout the United States alone having been diagnosed with the condition. This disorder has been well documented since the late 1700s and has, since then, left those in the field of psychology continuing to learn about the disorder. While ADHD is a relatively well known disorder, there exists a rampant misunderstanding of the condition mainly concerning diagnosis, prevalence, causes, symptoms, challenges, and treatment possibilities which urges the critical need for the public to be educated properly about exactly what this disorder is all about as well as the variety of options available for families, teachers, therapists and individuals struggling with ADHD.
Attention Deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopment psychiatric disorder which affects the executive functions of the body. For many people suffering from the disorder, they have issues with paying attention to a particular issue for a long period. They also exhibit signs of hyperactivity and impulsiveness which is not in line with an individual’s age (NIH, 2014). The symptoms of the disease normally occur in the children aged between six to twelve and have to persist for approximately six months for a diagnosis to be made. Many school going children that suffer from ADHD develop symptoms such as lack of attention which normally lead to poor performance in their tests and exams. Many people do not know the implications of having ADHD and for some the cases go undetected for a long period (ADHD Health, n.d). There are those individuals that do not suffer from the disease but since the medication enables one to have more concentration on an issue, they abuse the drug for their benefits. Before I was diagnosed with the disease, my parents could not understand my poor performance and I could not understand why it was so hard for me to concentrate in class no matter how hard I tried. The dismal results that I continued to display in school and lack of attention even when I was at home made my parents take me to the hospital for tests that indicated that I suffer from ADHD. For me, I did not quite understand how this happened but I was put on medication that
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, shortly called ADHD is a psychological condition that begins in early childhood; however, a lot of children with ADHD often go unrecognized or undertreated because of doctors with little experience with the disorder. Therefore, it frequently persists into adulthood. It is now known that these conditions continue into adulthood for about 60% of children with ADHD. That translates into 4 % of the U.S adult population, or 8 million adults (Goldstein, 2012). As more adults including college students go to see a psychiatrist to get the medication for the drug and the medication with psychosocial therapy
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder has been significantly analyzed for over 100 years, and right up until today, still remains an quarrelsome and cloudy issue. Be that as it may, in spite of its unascertained causes, ADHD is out of the blue the most normally broken down psychiatric disease in youths. Five to 10% of school-aged youngsters are affected by the neurological infirmity, yet there still remains no question beyond with reference to how decisively the human mind demonstrates this impede. In any case, stimulant-based prescription is most frequently utilized as a part of treating the significant ADHD indications: impulsivity, distractedness, and hyperactivity. The stimulant drugs ' working betters on children focusing, working,
In this new generation, we can see that a lot of children have learning disabilities. Learning disabilities include Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and Dyslexia. Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood brain disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. ADHD is gifted. Other than this, Attention deficit hyperactive disorder also can say is a group of behavioral symptoms that include an inattentive type, hyperactive type and impulsive type. Combined type is most common. All this behavioural symptoms is normal, but for ADHD children, these behavioural symptoms are more often than normal children. The boys will have ADHD changes are more than girls. It is usually discovered
“Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood” (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). ADHD in real terms is the inability to focus. Several people have describe people with ADHD as skirmish, talkative, and have trouble waiting. ADHD has been previously described as ADD (attention deficit disorder) but the only difference is the “H”. This “H” describes how this disorder deals with hyperactivity, while ADD can be more calm.
“ADHD is a neurological difference that affects learning and language, and every aspect of life” (Hardman). It has been argued that ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) is not a real disease, but it has been confirmed by neurological testing that ADHD is a real disease. It has been found that ADHD symptoms are caused by a child having less brain activity in their frontal lobes; this part of the brain controls the impulse control which will make it harder for the child to sit still. There are three symptoms of ADHD: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Not every case has all three symptoms; some can have just one of the three. The most common type of ADHD is a combination of all three symptoms. Children with the first symptom, inattention, may have the following behaviors: have a hard time paying attention, be easily distracted from work or play, not follow through on instructions or finish tasks, and forget things. Children with the second symptom, hyperactivity, may exhibit the following behaviors: cannot stay seated, squirms and fidgets, talks too much, and cannot play quietly. Children with the third symptom, impulsivity, may show the following behaviors: acts and speaks without thinking, has trouble taking turns, cannot wait for things, and interrupts others. “It has been found that there is a difference in the brain of someone with ADHD and the brain of someone without ADHD” (Pagan). ADHD can look different in every child. For one child it can look like
The question of the century is: does Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) even exist? Also, if it does exist, are children being over diagnosed or overmedicated? Some believe it is a combination of societal changes and outlooks on behavior and some believe it is due to the booming industry of psychopharmacology and over diagnosis (Hinshaw & Scheffler, 2014). There is no question that this disorder is the number one diagnosis in children today and many people are questioning the credibility of this phenomena. To fully understand the disorder it is important to discuss the history, the controversies that pertain to each side, as well as the treatments that are currently being used today.
The “better safe than sorry” mentality leads to over diagnosis in adolescent ADHD furthermore causing the concern of overprescribing of medication as treatment and “overly managing” the disorder. Approximately 4.6 million children between age 6 and 17 received a diagnosis of ADHD, and over half of them (59%) were given medication (Parens and Johnston, 2009). Some of the usual prescribed medicines to those with ADHD is that of Ritalin and Adderall – drugs that are classified in the same category as cocaine, opium, and amphetamines, all which are a schedule II controlled substance in the Drug Enforcement Agency (Pomeroy, 2013). Proponents of medication of children broadcast the evidence of effectiveness of the medication with reducing the primary symptoms of ADHD. Although these stimulants have the same reinforcing effect as cocaine, many swear by the difference instantly made by medication, hence why doctors administer the drugs after diagnosis. Others also believe that medication distribution is more economically efficient as well as time efficient because of its quick acting effects. Because doctors are faced with severe payer and clinical time constraints, many physicians diagnose ADHD following it by fast-acting medication (Connor, 2011). Therefore, as over diagnosis of ADHD increased, so has the amount of prescription to children. However, “although theories regarding the cause of these increases abound, what has not surfaced is a clear consensus on whether increases in
ADHD is defined as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in which one possesses a chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness (Hart and Ksir, 2015, p. 139). After taking a substance abuse class, I will critique my old argument surrounding my philosophy of substance abuse.
ADHD is an abbreviation for attention deficit/hyper activity disorder. It is commonly referred to as a psychiatric disorder in need of therapy. The origination of the disease is in the neuro-physiological brain construct, and the main cause of the disorder is considered to be genetic (Wilson, 2012). Many children with ADHD struggle with impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention (Unnever, Cullen, & Pratt, 2003). According to McNamara, Vervaeke, and Willoughby (2008), “attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder among children and adolescents. It affects between 3% and 5% of school age children” (p. 38). In a