Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Medications And The Over Diagnosis And Treatment Of Adhd

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Abstract This paper sought to examine the rise in Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) medications and the over diagnosis and over treatment of ADHD in patients. ADHD is defined as a “persistent pattern of inattention and /or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development” (Batstra &Frances 2012). Since there is an abundance of information concerning this topic, this paper will focus on whether ADHD is over diagnosed or under diagnosed and if it is over treated or not and the benefits and harms surrounding this issue. The over diagnosis of ADHD can be due to social factors such as doctors not focusing on the child’s psychological Is ADHD Overdiagnosed? The American Psychiatric Association (APA) formulated a diagnosis for patients with ADHD based on specific clinical criteria (Batstra &Frances 2012) The criteria for ADHD describes chronic behavioral symptoms of inattention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity that are presented to a degree that significantly interfere with a person’s family and peer relations, as well as their educational or occupational functioning. According to the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual V (DSM-V) criteria there are three main sub-types of ADHD, the mainly hyperactive /impulsive sub-type, the mainly inattentive sub-type and the combined hyperactive-impulsive/inattentive sub-type (Batstra &Frances 2012) In the DSM-V, ADHD is defined

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