Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly found disorder in children in the United States. Statistics show that the male to female ratio for children with ADHD is eight to one. 4.4 million Children between the ages four to seventeen have diagnosed with ADHD (Cheng Tina L et al.). African American children are at a higher risk for having ADHD. Caucasian children are least likely to have ADHD. 2.5 million children receive medication for ADHD, but African American children are half as likely as Caucasian children to take ADHD medication(Cheng Tina L et al.). If African American children do not take medication for ADHD the child will most likely do drugs, drop out of school, or find it harder to receive a job when they get older. There is not cure for children who have ADHD, but there is medication children can take to decrease their hyperactive and impulsive symptoms. Adderall, Methylin, Concerta, and Focalin are some of the medications given for children who have ADHD. Methylphenidate is the most common medication prescribed by physicians for ADHD. “Methylphenidate takes effects within fifteen minutes of taking it and lasts between four and twelve hours a day.” (Hughes, Katsiyannis, and Ryan). Although medication is out there for the children to take, some of the medication given haves negative side effects. ADHD is not preventable. Parents should not only avoid drinking, smoking, or doing any other type of drugs to prevent ADHD, but also to prevent
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD which is often referred to as childhood hyperactivity, it 's a severe and chronic disorder for children. It is one of the most prevalent childhood disorders, and affects 3% to 5% of the school-age population. Boys outnumber girls three or more to one. Children with ADHD can experience many behavioral difficulties that often manifest in the form of inattention, being easily distracted, being impulsive, and hyperactivity. As a result, children with ADHD may develop emotional, social, developmental, academic, and family problems because of the frustrations and problems they are constantly experiencing. (Shea)
Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder To Medicate or Not to Medicate with Adderall? Meghan L. Gonzales National University Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder To Medicate or Not to Medicate with Adderall? The medical world has noticed several changes and improvements during the past century, but maybe none that 's as economically rewarding afterward the prescription drug business. New medications turn-up regular and maintain to treat a growing number of ailments. Around the corner of each and every block is a drugstore as well as their shelves are stocked with prescription drugs plus it looks they 're here to stay. Most frequently we change to
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) signifies a major public health problem. Diagnoses continue to rise each year, yet the rates of treated ADHD are declining. There is a lot of controversy about treatments for ADHD today. Helpful treatment options like medications and therapies are receiving negative views with many saying that treatment is not necessary or the negatives outweigh the benefits. Those against treatment cite problems like substance abuse and negative side effects. However, ADHD greatly impacts a person’s life, as well as everyone in that person’s life. Treatments help tremendously, relieving many of the symptoms and improving functioning capabilities. Despite the negativity recently about treatments for ADHD, treatments are necessary.
ADHD is a disorder that affects both adults and children throughout the United States. It is actually one of the most common childhood disorders. I have actually witnessed people with this disorder and was interested on how differently they behave, what kind of treatment they need and how it is diagnosed.
“Approximately 11% of children 4-17 years of age (6.4 million) have been diagnosed with ADHD as of 2011” (Data and Statistics); this statistic was taken in 2011. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a problem in which a person is unable to focus as well as others. They can have strong impulses that they are not able to handle and they can be hyper as well. There are a variety of types of ADHD and teens who have it may be affected by it in different ways (they may be hyper or inattentive). This is a common problem in teens and children and it has a large impact in school. Teens with ADHD are affected in school through their social and academic lives. Although these teens may be seen as annoying at times for their constant need for
ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, also known as ADD, is a common disability with an estimated affected population of 17 million in the United States (Amen XV). The disorder mainly results in a lost of focus due to low brain activity leading not only to learning disabilities, but also to numerous social problems such as relationship breakups, job failures, and drugs or alcohol abuse. Medical experts consider genetics, head injury, toxic exposure, and poor diet to be the primary causes of ADHD. Although a significant number of people are unaware, there are remedies for ADHD; it can be effectively treated with medication, behavior therapy, and proper diet.
ADHD in School-Aged Children Alexandra Herrington April 22, 2015 Every day I walk into a room full of young students eager to learn and explore the world around them, and yet I know for some of them their ability to focus in a large classroom setting prevents them from succeeding. I watch them struggle to maintain focus while listening to instruction, and I see their overactive minds tap-tap-tapping away in their own world during independent work time. These students suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD. In attempts to better understand and serve the students I work with my research and subsequent paper will focus around the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, specifically as they occur within children 5-14 years old, as well as an examination on the variety of treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms. Ultimately, concluding that children in school should be required to pursue some form of treatment for their Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in order to improve their learning in the classroom. Of the 86 students that I service, I have nine students who have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and only six of those students are receiving medication. The statistics of my classroom closely reflect the national averages for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosis and treatment. The National Survey of
“ADHD is a neurological difference that affects learning and language, and every aspect of life” (Hardman). It has been argued that ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) is not a real disease, but it has been confirmed by neurological testing that ADHD is a real disease. It has been found that ADHD symptoms are caused by a child having less brain activity in their frontal lobes; this part of the brain controls the impulse control which will make it harder for the child to sit still. There are three symptoms of ADHD: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Not every case has all three symptoms; some can have just one of the three. The most common type of ADHD is a combination of all three symptoms. Children with the first symptom, inattention, may have the following behaviors: have a hard time paying attention, be easily distracted from work or play, not follow through on instructions or finish tasks, and forget things. Children with the second symptom, hyperactivity, may exhibit the following behaviors: cannot stay seated, squirms and fidgets, talks too much, and cannot play quietly. Children with the third symptom, impulsivity, may show the following behaviors: acts and speaks without thinking, has trouble taking turns, cannot wait for things, and interrupts others. “It has been found that there is a difference in the brain of someone with ADHD and the brain of someone without ADHD” (Pagan). ADHD can look different in every child. For one child it can look like
Abstract This proposal explores the current research and literature on college students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). Findings suggest that college students with ADHD/ADD experience academic and psychological difficulties that put them at a greater risk for earning low grade point averages, being on academic
In the video titled, “Why Can’t You Behave?” the client Julian suffers from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and has impairments of body functions and structures, activity and participation limitations, and has environmental as well as personal factors that are present, which impacts his daily functions. Julian demonstrates the inability to remain calm, or to sit still during any daily activity due to being hyperactive. According to the video, “Julian was a very restless boy, he was so hyperactive he couldn’t sit still through a meal”, so daily tasks such as sitting and learning in a traditional classroom setting, and being able to sit still long enough to complete any homework assignments were all challenges that Julian faced due to suffering from ADHD. From the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) checklist, under the mental functions section b140 attention would be considered as a complete impairment of Julian’s body functions due to difficulties focusing attention on organizing and completing a task. Since Julian also shows difficulty processing information and difficulty listening when spoken to, the brain in section s110 of the ICF would be a body structure noted as having impairments for function.
Summary ADD and ADHD are both labels that describes symptoms. Some symptoms may include: • Often fidgets with hands and feet or squirms in seat • Difficulty remaining in seat when required to do so • Easily distracted, doesn’t listen to what is being said to them. • Difficulty waiting to take turns, playing quietly, • Often blurts out answers, following instruction, and completing task (Jaquith, 1996) Children may display some or all, but not limited to the symptoms listed above. Developmental problems that may occur can be identified, addressed and often eliminated. (Jaquith, 1996) ADHD is a major public health concern, around 5 million children and adults were diagnosed with the disorder by the end of the 20th century. (National Institutes of Health, 2000)
Attention-deficit hyperactive-disorder is also known as ADHD. It is what makes certain people distracted or just can’t sit still. At least everyone has a little ADHD in them, but others have some more than others. People become distracted do to their intended focus, that stimulates distraction. Distraction comes from the stimuli in the external environment that stimulates unrelated thoughts to the activity that someone would be doing at that time. Stimuli is a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue. When something distracting is put in front of someone the stimuli in their head reacts and drives them off task, and start to focus on the object distracting them. Which means areas of the brain which
It’s normal for a child to occasionally forget to do their homework, get fidgety when they lose interest in an activity, or speak out of turn during class time. But inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are all signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a neuro-development disorder and can start as early as three years old throughout adulthood. People with ADHD have trouble focusing on tasks and activities, this can have a negative impact on the individual in different ways. It can make the child feel alone, incompetent, and powerless and those that don’t understand this behavior only intensified their struggle. Family and schools have a major impact on the life of a child suffering with ADHD. Parents who