Attention Deficit-Hyperactive Disorder

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Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), also known as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), is a neurodevelopment,1 psychiatric disorder, which is characterized as impairments of the growth and development of the Central Nervous System—particularly the brain.2 An individual diagnosed with ADD exhibits issues with attention, hyperactivity, impulsive behavior, or a combination of all three. 3 Such symptoms are likely observed between ages 6-12 and must persist for over six months prior to imposed diagnosis.4 According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, section 4 (DMV- IV), currently 12% of the American pediatric and young adult populations suffer from one form of ADD.5 Despite ADD prevalence, growing incidence, and being the most studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder in the pediatric population —several unknowns of the complex condition remain. In North America, potential ADHD cases are confirmed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth edition, endorsed by the American Psychiatric Association as a primary resource. The Manual defines and categorizes ADHD into three subtypes: • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, predominantly inattentive (ADHD-PI),4 and more commonly referred to as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). This form of ADHD is observed in individuals who are easily distracted, continuously daydreaming, severely disorganized, poor concentration, and considerable difficulty finishing tasks.
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